IntelliJ IDEA 2024.1 Help

Run and debug a Java application with Docker

You can use Docker to run and debug a Java application in a container with a specific runtime environment. This tutorial describes how to create a Docker run target with OpenJDK 17 for a simple Java application.

Create a new Java project

The sample application for this tutorial will consist of a single file, which prints Hello, World! to the console and exits.

  1. In the main menu, go to File | New | Project.

  2. In the New Project wizard, select Java from the list on the left.

  3. In the New Project dialog, name the project DockerHelloWorld.

    New Java project
  4. Create the main Java class file in the src directory.

    To do this, in the Project tool window, right-click the src directory, point to New and click Java Class. In the New Java Class dialog, type HelloWorld and press Enter.

    Paste the following code into the new file:

    public class HelloWorld { public static void main(String[] args) { System.out.println("Hello, World!"); } }
  5. Try to compile and run the application.

    Click The Run gutter icon in the gutter and select Run 'HelloWorld.main()'.

    You should see Hello, World! printed to the console of the Run tool window.

    Running the new Java application locally

By default, IntelliJ IDEA creates a run configuration that compiles and executes your application locally. You can configure different run targets for it, including remote machines via SSH connections and Docker containers.

Run the Java application on a Docker run target

  1. In the main menu, go to Run | Edit Configurations.

  2. Select the run configuration that compiles and executes your application, expand the Run on list, and select Docker.

    Add a Docker run target to run configuration
  3. On the first step of the New Target: Docker wizard, select Pull or use existing, and specify openjdk as the name of the image to pull.

  4. On the second step, Docker will pull the specified image.

  5. On the third step, click Create to add the new Docker run target.

  6. Click Apply to save the changes to the run configuration.

  7. Start the run configuration to compile and execute your application on the latest OpenJDK container. For more information, refer to Run applications.

Debug the Java application

  1. Open and click line number 3 with System.out.println("Hello, World!"); to put a breakpoint on this line.

  2. Select your application's run configuration but instead of running it, start the debugger with the Debug button. For more information, refer to Start the debugger session.

This will compile and execute the application in debug mode, and IntelliJ IDEA will halt execution at the specified breakpoint: just before it prints out to the console.

Debugging Java app on a Docker run target
Last modified: 17 June 2024