IntelliJ IDEA 2022.2 Help

Set up JNI development in Gradle project

IntelliJ IDEA supports JNI development in Gradle projects.

This tutorial uses on the Java 1.8 and Gradle 7.4 versions. The tutorial uses the software model.

If you want to use the replacement plugins, you can check the JNI Sample project.

To add JNI support

  1. Create a new or open an existing Gradle project.

  2. Open the build.gradle file.

  3. Add the following code to the build.gradle:

    import org.gradle.internal.jvm.Jvm plugins { id 'java' id 'application' id 'c' } mainClassName = 'HelloWorld' repositories { mavenCentral() } dependencies { testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12' } sourceCompatibility = 1.8 targetCompatibility = 1.8 application { applicationDefaultJvmArgs = ["-Djava.library.path=" + file("${buildDir}/libs/hello/shared").absolutePath] } model { platforms { x64 { architecture "x86_64" } } components { hello(NativeLibrarySpec) { targetPlatform "x64" binaries.all { def jvmHome = Jvm.current().javaHome if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.macOsX) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/darwin" cCompiler.args '-mmacosx-version-min=10.4' linker.args '-mmacosx-version-min=10.4' } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.linux) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/linux" cCompiler.args '-D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64' } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.windows) { cCompiler.args "-I${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args "-I${jvmHome}/include/win32" } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.freeBSD) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/freebsd" } } } } } classes.dependsOn 'helloSharedLibrary'
    import org.gradle.internal.jvm.Jvm plugins { id 'java' id 'application' id 'c' } mainClassName = 'HelloWorld' repositories { mavenCentral() } dependencies { testImplementation 'junit:junit:4.12' } sourceCompatibility = 1.8 targetCompatibility = 1.8 application { applicationDefaultJvmArgs = ["-Djava.library.path=" + file("${buildDir}/libs/hello/shared").absolutePath] } model { platforms { x64 { architecture "x86_64" } } components { hello(NativeLibrarySpec) { targetPlatform "x64" binaries.all { def jvmHome = Jvm.current().javaHome if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.macOsX) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/darwin" cCompiler.args '-mmacosx-version-min=10.9' linker.args '-mmacosx-version-min=10.9' linker.args '-stdlib=libc++' } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.linux) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/linux" cCompiler.args '-D_FILE_OFFSET_BITS=64' } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.windows) { cCompiler.args "-I${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args "-I${jvmHome}/include/win32" } else if (targetPlatform.operatingSystem.freeBSD) { cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include" cCompiler.args '-I', "${jvmHome}/include/freebsd" } } } } } classes.dependsOn 'helloSharedLibrary'

    To make your setup work smoothly, keep in mind the following details :

    • IntelliJ IDEA uses the version of Gradle JVM located in the Gradle settings.

    • Depending on your OS, compiler parameters may vary, keep that in mind when you change cCompiler.args and linker.args in your build.gradle.

    • When the application is run with the following existing system property:

      application { applicationDefaultJvmArgs = ["-Djava.library.path=" + file("${buildDir}/libs/hello/shared").absolutePath] }

      and this application depends on classes.dependsOn 'helloSharedLibrary', IntelliJ IDEA generates the binary libhello.dylib file for the shared library in the Project tool window.

      binary for shared library
  4. In the Project tool window, select the src | java directory.

  5. Right-click the java directory and select New | Java Class to create a Java class HelloWorld that will use C code.

  6. Open the created HelloWorld class in the editor and enter the following code:

    class HelloWorld { public native void print(); static { System.loadLibrary("hello"); } public static void main(String[] args) { new HelloWorld().print(); } }

    Code specified in the file will load the generated system library.

  7. In the Project tool window, in the src directory, create the hello/c/hello.c file, which is a file for your C programs.

  8. Open the hello.c file in the editor and specify the following code:

    #include <jni.h> #include <stdio.h> JNIEXPORT void JNICALL Java_HelloWorld_print(JNIEnv *env, jobject obj) { printf("Hello From C++ World!\n"); return; }

At this point you can start developing your application further using native codes as needed.

Run your application

  1. Open your run configuration dialog.

  2. If you use macOS as your operating system, then add the following code to the VM options field.

    Run configuration

    The VM options field can be added from the Modify options list.

    Click OK to save the changes.

  3. Click the Run button on the main toolbar.

Last modified: 29 September 2022