This section covers various techniques of context-aware code completion that allow you to speed up your coding process.
Basic code completion helps you complete the names of classes, methods, and keywords within the visibility scope. When you invoke code completion, MPS analyses the context and suggests the choices that are reachable from the current caret position.
If basic code completion is applied to a part of a field, parameter, or variable declaration, MPS suggests a list of possible names depending on the item type.
Invoke basic completion
Start typing a name.
Press Ctrl+Space or choose Code | Completion | Basic from the main menu.
If necessary, press Ctrl+Space for the second time (or press Ctrl+Alt+Space).
Smart code completion filters the suggestions list and shows only the types applicable to the current context.
Invoke smart completion
- Press Ctrl+Shift+Space.
The most suitable suggestion for the current context is highlighted.
If necessary, press Ctrl+Shift+Space once again.
You can create syntactically correct code constructs by using statement completion. It inserts the necessary syntax elements (parentheses, braces, and semicolons) and gets you in a position where you can start typing the next statement.
Complete a code construct
Start typing a code construct and press Ctrl+Shift+Enter.
MPS automatically completes the construct and adds the required punctuation, and the caret is placed at the next editing position.
Completion tips and tricks
Narrow down the suggestions list
You can narrow down the suggestions list by typing any part of a word (even characters from somewhere in the middle) or invoking code completion after a dot separator. MPS will show suggestions that include the characters you've entered in any positions.
This makes the use of wildcards unnecessary:
Accept a suggestion
You can accept a suggestion from the list in one of the following ways:
Press Enter or double-click a list item to insert it to the left of the caret.
Press Tab to replace the characters to the right from the caret.
Use Ctrl+Shift+Enter to make the current code construct syntactically correct (balance parentheses, add missing braces and semicolons, and so on).
You can use the following live templates shortcuts for one of the most frequently used statements:
soutm: adds the current class and method names
soutp: adds method parameter names and values
soutv: adds the last variable value
View code hierarchy
You can view code hierarchy when you've selected an entry from the suggestions list:
Ctrl+H: view type hierarchy
If code completion doesn't work, this may be due to one of the following reasons:
The Power Save Mode is on (File | Power Save Mode). Turning it on minimizes power consumption of your laptop by eliminating the background operations, including error highlighting, on-the-fly inspections, and code completion.
An SDK is not configured for your project.
Your file doesn't reside in a content root, so it doesn't get the required class definitions and resources needed for code completion.
A file containing classes and functions that you want to appear in completion suggestions list is marked as a plain text file.
External libraries that contain functions that you want to appear in the completion suggestions list are not added as dependencies or global libraries.