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Whatever you do in PhpStorm, you do that in the context of a project. A project is an organizational unit that represents a complete software solution. It serves as a basis for coding assistance, bulk refactoring, coding style consistency, etc.
PhpStorm does not support direct editing of files on remote hosts. Therefore to work with remote sources in PhpStorm, you need to download them and arrange them in a PhpStorm project. To keep your local and remote sources synchronized, configure automatic upload using the Upload changed files automatically to the default server drop-down list in the Options dialog box.
A project in PhpStorm is represented in the Directory Based Format. A project directory is marked with icon.
Such project directory contains the
.idea directory, with the following files:
*.imlfile that describes the project structure.
workspace.xmlfile that contains your workspace preferences.
- A number of
.xmlfile is responsible for its own set of settings, that can be recognized by its name:
Thus, for example, adding a new run/debug configuration and changing encoding will affect two different
.xmlfiles. This helps avoid merge conflicts when the project settings are stored in a version control system and modified by the different team members.
All the settings files in the
.idea directory should be put under version control except the
workspace.xml, which stores your local preferences. The
workspace.xml file should be marked as ignored by VCS.
.idea directory is not visible in the Project view of the Project Tool Window.
The directory structure of each project contains the
.idea directory for the PhpStorm-specific settings and the project file, and libraries.
PhpStorm suggests the following types of projects:
- Empty project is intended for pure web programming. The directory structure of such project contains the
.ideadirectory for the PhpStorm-specific settings and the project file, and libraries.
Create a plain web project as described in the Creating New Project from Scratch section.
- Google App Engine for PHP project. This project type provides specific infrastructure of the Google App Engine for PHP application, and all the necessary files and settings.
Create project as described in the Preparing to Develop a Google App for PHP Application section.
- Template-based projects are intended for developing web applications using third-party frameworks. PhpStorm creates specific infrastructure, with the files and directories structured in accordance with the requirements of the selected framework.
- For client-side development, choose HTML5 Boilerplate, Twitter Bootstrap, Foundation, or Web Start Kit.
- For server-side development, choose Node.js Express App.
- Meteor App for both server-side and client-side development.
- PhoneGap/Cordova App for developing mobile applications intended for running on various mobile platforms.
- Web Start Kit.
- Dart applications. Generating Dart application stubs requires that Dart is supported in PhpStorm:
- The Dart SDK is available on your computer.
- The Dart plugin is installed and enabled. The plugin is not bundled with PhpStorm, but it can be installed from the JetBrains plugin repository as described in Installing, Updating and Uninstalling Repository Plugins and Enabling and Disabling Plugins.
- Yeoman project generator, see Creating a Project Using Yeoman Generator.
Complete project creation as described in the Generating a Project from a Framework Template section.