PhpStorm 2019.1 Help

Source code navigation

You can quickly navigate through code in the editor using different actions and popups.

Find a file path

  1. In the editor, press Ctrl+Alt+F12 or in the context menu, select Reveal in Finder.

  2. In the Reveal in Finder popup, select a file or a directory to open in a path finder and press Enter.

You can automatically locate a file in the Project tool window.

  1. If the file is opened in the editor, press Alt+F1 to open the Select In popup.

    Select in popup

  2. In the popup, select Project View and press Enter. PhpStorm locates your target in the Project tool window.

Use Autoscroll to locate a file

You can use the Autoscroll to Source and Autoscroll from Source actions to locate your file in the Project tool window.

  1. In the Project tool window, right-click the Project toolbar and from the context menu select Autoscroll from Source. After that PhpStorm will track the file that is currently opened in the active editor tab and locate it in the Project tool window automatically.

  2. You can also select the Autoscroll to Source option. In this case, when you click a file in the Project view, PhpStorm will automatically open it in the editor.

Use bookmarks for navigation

  • To create an anonymous bookmark, place the caret at the needed code line and press F11.

  • To create a bookmark with mnemonics, place the caret at the needed code line, press Ctrl+F11 and select a number or a letter for the mnemonics.

  • To show the next or the previous bookmark, in the main menu select Navigate | Bookmarks | Next Bookmark or Navigate | Bookmarks | Previous Bookmark.

  • To open the Bookmarks dialog, press Shift+F11. You can use this dialog to manage bookmarks, for example, delete, sort bookmarks, or supply them with a brief description.

    Bookmarks dialog

  • To navigate to an existing bookmark with letter mnemonics, press Shift+F11 and then press a letter you need. PhpStorm returns you to the editor and to the corresponding bookmark.

  • To navigate to an existing bookmark with number mnemonics, press Ctrl and the bookmark's number.

  • Every created bookmark is reflected in the Favorites (Alt+2) tool window which you can also use for navigation to your bookmarks.

    Favorites window

Go to declaration and its type

You can navigate to the initial declaration of a symbol and symbol's type from its usage.

  • Place the caret at the desired symbol and press Ctrl+B.

    Alternatively, keeping Ctrl ( for macOS) pressed, hover your mouse pointer over the symbol. When the symbol turns into a hyperlink, its declaration will be displayed in the tooltip. Click the hyperlink without releasing the key to open the declaration in the editor.

    ps_viewDeclaration.png
  • For a type declaration, press Ctrl+Shift+B.

    Alternatively, keeping Ctrl+Shift (⌘+⇧ for macOS) pressed, hover your mouse pointer over the symbol. When the symbol turns into a hyperlink, its type declaration will be displayed in the tooltip. Click the hyperlink without releasing the keys to open the type declaration of the symbol in the editor.

    ps_viewTypeDeclaration.png

Consider the following sample code fragment:

class C {} class D { public function f() { return new C; } } $a = new D; $a->f();
  • Invoking Go to Type Declaration on $a will move the caret to the variable's type, class D.

  • Invoking Go to Type Declaration on the f method in $a->f() will move the caret to the declaration of the class returned by this method, class C.

  • Invoking Go to Declaration on the f method in $a->f() will move the caret to this method's declaration within class D.

Go to Implementation

You can keep track of class implementations and overriding methods either using the gutter icons or pressing the appropriate shortcuts.

  • Click one of the the Implemented method icon / the Implementing method icon, the Overridden method icon / the Overriding method icon gutter icons and select the desired ascendant or descendant class from the list.

  • To navigate to the super method, press Ctrl+U.

  • To navigate to the implementation, press Ctrl+Alt+B.

Navigate between changes

  • Press Ctrl+Shift+Alt+Down/ Ctrl+Shift+Alt+Up.

  • From the main menu, choose Navigate | Next / Previous Change.

  • Click a change marker, and then click the Previous Change button or the Next Change button.

Navigate between errors or warnings

  • To jump to the next or previous found issue in your code, press F2 or Shift+F2 respectively. Alternatively, from the main menu, select Navigate | Next / Previous Highlighted Error.

    PhpStorm places the caret immediately before the code issue.

  • Configure the way PhpStorm navigates between code issues: it can either jump between all code issues or skip minor issues and only navigate between detected errors. Right-click the code analysis marker in the scroll bar area and choose one of the available navigation modes from the context menu:

    • To have PhpStorm skip warnings, infos, and other minor issues, choose Go to high priority problems only.

    • To have PhpStorm jump between all detected code issues, choose Go to next problem.

Locate a code element with the Structure view popup

You can use the structure view popup to locate a code element in the file you are working on.

  1. To open the structure view popup, press Ctrl+F12.

  2. In the popup, locate an item you need. You can start typing a name of the element for PhpStorm to narrow down the search. Press Enter to return to the editor and the corresponding element.

    While in the popup, you can sort file members, see anonymous classes and inherited members.

    Structure View popup

Browse through methods

  • To navigate to the next or the previous method or tag, press Alt+Down or Alt+Up.

  • To visually separate methods in code, in the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), go to Editor | General | Appearance and select the Show method separators option.

    Method Separators in Editor

Use the Lens mode

The lens mode lets you preview your code without actually scrolling to it. The mode is available in the editor by default when you hover your mouse over the scrollbar.

Lens mode
  • To disable the lens mode, right-click the code analysis marker located on the right side of the editor and in the context menu clear the Show code lens on the scrollbar hover checkbox.

  • As an alternative, in the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), go to Editor | General | Appearance and clear the Show code lens on the scrollbar hover checkbox.

Use breadcrumbs for navigation

You can navigate through the source code with breadcrumbs that show names of classes, variables, functions, methods, and tags in the currently opened file. By default, breadcrumbs are enabled and displayed at the bottom of the editor.

Editor breadcrumbs
  • To change the location of breadcrumbs, right-click a breadcrumb, in the context menu select Breadcrumbs and the location preference.

  • To edit the breadcrumbs settings, in the Settings / Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), go to Editor | General | Breadcrumbs.

Navigate to a file with the Navigation bar

Use the Navigation bar as a handy tool to find your way across the project.

  1. Press Alt+Home to activate the Navigation bar.

  2. Use the arrow keys or the mouse pointer to locate the desired file.

  3. Double-click the selected file, or press Enter to open it in the editor.

    PhpStorm: using navigation bar to open files

Find a line or a column

  1. In the editor, press Ctrl+G.

  2. In the Go to Line/Column dialog, specify a line or column number, or both, separating them with: and click OK.

    Go to line/column dialog

  3. If you don't want to see the line numbers in the editor, in the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), go to Editor | General | Appearance and clear the Show line numbers checkbox.

Find the caret, edited line, or edited location

  • To find the current caret location in the editor, press Ctrl+M>. This action might be helpful if you do not want to scroll through a large file.

    However, you can press the Up and Down arrow keys to achieve the same result.

  • To highlight a word at the caret you are trying to locate, select Edit | Find | Find Word at Caret from the main menu.

  • To see on what element the caret is currently positioned, press Alt+Q.

  • To see the previous caret position, press Ctrl+Alt+Left. To move forward, press Ctrl+Alt+Right.

  • To move the caret forward to the next paragraph or backward to the previous one, press Ctrl+Shift+A and search for the Move Caret Forward a Paragraph or Move Caret Backward a Paragraph action.

    You can also select a text and then move the caret forward or backward to a paragraph. Press Ctrl+Shift+A and search for the Move Caret Forward a Paragraph with Selection or Move Caret Backward a Paragraph with Selection action.

    If you need, you can assign shortcuts to these actions. Refer to Configuring keyboard shortcuts for details.

  • To toggle between the starting and ending code block braces, press Ctrl+Shift+M.

  • To navigate between code blocks, press Ctrl+Shift+[ or Ctrl+Shift+].

  • To navigate to the last edited location, press Ctrl+Shift+Backspace.

Find recent files

You can search for the recent and recently edited files with the Recent Files popup.

  • To open the Recent Files popup with the list of recent files, press Ctrl+E.

    Recent files

  • To see only the recently edited files, press Ctrl+E again or select the Show changed only checkbox.

  • To search for items in the popup, start typing the search query. PhpStorm displays the results based on your search.

Find recent locations

You can also check your recently viewed or changed code using the Recent Locations popup.

  • To open the Recent Locations popup, press N/A. The list starts with the latest visited location at the top and contains code snippets.

    Recent Locations popup
  • While in the popup, use the same shortcut or select the Show changed only checkbox to see only the locations with changed code.

    Show changed only option
  • To search for a code snippet, in the Recent Locations popup, start typing your search query. You can search by the code text, filename, or breadcrumbs.

    Search locations
  • To delete a location entry from the search results, press either Delete or Backspace.

    Keep in mind that the deleted location is also removed from the list of entries that you access with the Ctrl+Alt+Left shortcut.

Last modified: 8 July 2019