An OpenAPI Specification (OAS) is a description format for REST APIs. Swagger is a set of tools based on this specification for writing, documenting, and consuming REST APIs. For more information, refer to Swagger documentation.
PhpStorm provides coding assistance for OpenAPI definitions in YAML and JSON files, and integration with Swagger Codegen for generating server stubs, client libraries (SDKs), and documentation based on your OpenAPI specification.
Create an OpenAPI specification
PhpStorm recognizes a dedicated OpenAPI Specification file type with relevant coding assistance. These are regular YAML or JSON files with the definition of the OpenAPI specification version.
Create an OpenAPI Specification manually
In the main menu, go to OpenAPI Specification., or press Alt+Insert and select
Specify a name for the file and select the specification version and file format.
Depending on the format and version, the new OpenAPI specification file contains the following template:
If you start with an empty YAML or JSON file, you can type
swag and press Tab to insert the corresponding live template.
Reference a definition from a separate file
With OpenAPI 3.0, you can reference a definition hosted on any location using the $ref keyword. PhpStorm provides you with path completion, validation, and quick navigation. For completion, PhpStorm understands the context of the current file and of external files, and suggests using pointers to relevant elements.
Start typing the path to the external definition.
You can press Control+B to quickly navigate to the file and element you refer to.
Preview an OpenAPI specification
You can preview an OpenAPI specification using the integrated Swagger UI or Redoc UI. When an OpenAPI specification file is opened in the editor, use and in the top-right corner to show or hide the preview.
To swtich between Swagger UI and Redoc UI, hover over the preview area and click .
Split editor and preview horizontally
By default, the editor and the preview are split vertically (side by side), which is convenient for wide monitors. You can also split it horizontally, so that the preview is displayed in the lower part of the editor, which is more convenient for portrait displays.
In the top-right corner of the editor, click to open the Editor Preview pane.
Click to split the editor and the preview horizontally.
Add a remote OpenAPI specification
Endpoint URLs that you define in OpenAPI specifications in your project are available for code completion. If you are writing client code for an external specification, there is no need to add it as a file to your project for auto-completing endpoint URLs. You can add a link to the relevant remote specification.
In the Settings dialog (Control+Alt+S), select .
Click in the Remote Specifications list and specify the URL of an OpenAPI specification file or find an OpenAPI specification on SwaggerHub.
Use to reload specifications that were modified.
To add private OpenAPI specifications, provide your API key.
To add OpenAPI specifications from a self-hosted SwaggerHub On-Premise instance, specify the URL of your instance.
Compare OpenAPI specifications
When there is a newer specification version, you probably want to compare it against the older version to make sure that they are compatible. One way is to look at the diff Control+D and compare lines that changed. However, not all changes are critical for compatibility. PhpStorm can compare the structure of OpenAPI specifications and create a summary of changed paths, parameters, responses, and any other elements that may break the compatibility.
In the Project tool window, select two OpenAPI specification files, right-click them and select Compare OpenAPI Specifications.
This generates a Markdown file with a summary of modified specification elements. The file opens in the editor with a preview panel that makes it easy to navigate the changes. It shows the changes in the file that you selected second compared to the first one.
Generate code from an OpenAPI specification
When you have a valid OpenAPI specification open, you can generate code from it by clicking :
Click in the gutter and select Run 'openapi file'. PhpStorm generates source code files in the specified location and shows a notification with options to open the files or import them into your project as a separate module.
Swagger Codegen run configuration
PhpStorm creates a OpenAPI/Swagger Code Generator run configuration when you run code generation for the first time for a particular file. To modify the run configuration, open and select the necessary configuration, or click in the gutter and select Modify Run Configuration.
You can configure the following common options at the top of the OpenAPI/Swagger Code Generator run configuration:
Specify a name for the run configuration to quickly identify it among others when editing or running.
Allow multiple instances
Allow running multiple instances of this run configuration in parallel.
By default, it is disabled, and when you start this configuration while another instance is still running, PhpStorm suggests stopping the running instance and starting another one. This is helpful when a run configuration consumes a lot of resources and there is no good reason to run multiple instances.
Store as project file
Save the file with the run configuration settings to share it with other team members. The default location is .idea/runConfigurations. However, if you do not want to share the .idea directory, you can save the configuration to any other directory within the project.
By default, it is disabled, and PhpStorm stores run configuration settings in .idea/workspace.xml.
If some of the settings are hidden, click Modify options to show them.
Path to the OpenAPI specification.
Path to the directory for the generated files.
Select a type of code generator.
The target language of the generated code.
Java runtime to use for running Swagger Codegen
Custom Templates Path
Path to a directory with your Mustache templates.
Provide configuration parameters depending on the target language. For more information, refer to the swagger-codegen/README.md.
Test your OpenAPI specification in the HTTP client
When working with OpenAPI Specification files, you can create HTTP requests to the specified endpoints and execute them via the built-in HTTP client.
Create an HTTP request to an endpoint
In an OpenAPI specification file, click in the editor gutter next to the endpoint definition.
Alternatively, open Generate Request in HTTP Client., right-click an endpoint, and select
PhpStorm will create a new HTTP request and save it in the generated-requests.http scratch file.
If you want to quickly send a request to an endpoint and do not want to save it, you can use the HTTP Client tab in the Endpoints tool window.
PhpStorm provides completion for the request URL and for the request body (in JSON format) based on the available OpenAPI specifications. This applies not only to local, but also to remote specifications (add them in the IDE settings to enable completion).
Rename an endpoint and its usages
Use the Rename refactoring to rename the defined endpoint and its usages in HTTP requests simultaneously.
Do any of the following:
In an OpenAPI specification file, place the caret at the endpoint's definition you want to rename.
In an HTTP request file, place the caret at the URL path segment you want to rename.
Selectfrom the main menu or the context menu, or press Shift+F6.
In the Rename dialog that opens, specify the new endpoint's name.
Preview and apply changes.
PhpStorm will rename the endpoint and its usages.