When you need to edit just one file without creating or loading the whole project in PyCharm, you can use the LightEdit mode.
Keep in mind that the LightEdit mode works as a text-like editor, and it doesn't support the usual IDE editor features such as code completion, or code navigation. However, you can navigate to a specific line of code (Control+G), fold or unfold parts of code, check, and change file encoding.
Open a file in the LightEdit mode
You can use several ways to open a file in the LightEdit mode.
Open a file from the local file system
Locate the file you need in your file system, right click it and select Open With.
Select the version of PyCharm with which you want to open a file and click Open.
Open a file from the command line
If you don't have the PyCharm launcher configured, you need to configure it before you can open a file.
Depending on your OS, open the file as you usually do when in command line adding the
-ecommand before the filename.
In Terminal, from the folder where your file is located, execute the following command:pycharm file.txt
pycharmis the PyCharm launcher name,
file.txt— your filename.
Open a file inside the opened project
You can open a non-project file in the already opened project.
Open and edit a file with the wait switch
You can interrupt a process in the command line and put terminal on hold until you're done editing a file in the LightEdit mode. For example, when you work in the command line and run a commit process to Git, you can pause the terminal and use a text editor in the LightEdit mode to quickly write a commit message.
Depending on your OS, open the file adding the
-wcommands before the name of your file.
For example, for macOS the syntax would look as follows:pycharm.bat -e -w myfile.txt
You can find the executable for running PyCharm in the installation directory under bin. To use this executable as the command-line launcher, add it to your system
PATHas described in Command-line interface.pycharm -e -w myfile.txt
By default, PyCharm does not provide a command-line launcher. For more information about creating a launcher script for PyCharm, refer to Command-line interface.pycharm.sh -e -w myfile.txt
You can find the script for running PyCharm in the installation directory under bin. To use this script as the command-line launcher, add it to your system
PATHas described in Command-line interface.
PyCharm opens the file in the LightEdit mode, and displays a notification indicating that the command line is waiting for the opened file to close.
Click one of the notification's options or close the file to release the command line.
Work with code in the LightEdit mode
Even though the LightEdit mode doesn't support all of the PyCharm editor coding assistance, you can still use basic editing features and basic menu options.
Use the main menu to open recent files, show the line numbers, whitespaces, extend the code selection, and so on.
When you edit a file, the blue color indication on the tab shows that the file content was changed.
When external changes are made to the file you are working on, you can update it by selectingfrom the main menu.
Use the context menu for pasting or folding your code as well as switching to column selection mode.
Use the status bar to go to the line you need, check the VCS, or toggle the Autosave mode.
Turn on autosave
Click Autosave: off on the Status bar and select the Save changes automatically in the popup that opens.
Exit the LightEdit mode
You can quit the LightEdit mode and switch from editing a single file to working on the entire project. To do so, use one of the following ways:
- Status bar
On the status bar of the LightEdit mode, click Access full IDE and from the list of options, select how you want to proceed such as open the current file in the project, open the recent project, or open the new one.
- Find action window
Press Alt+Enter and select Open file in project.
- Main menu
Selectfrom the main menu.