Pattern matching has been added in the form of a match statement and case statements of patterns with associated actions:
Patterns consist of sequences, mappings, primitive data types, and class instances. Pattern matching allows extracting information from complex data types, branch on the structure of data, and apply specific actions based on different forms of data. For more information about examples and use cases, refer to the feature overview at docs.python.org and PEP-636 (tutorial).
PyCharm provide the following coding assistance for pattern matching:
PyCharm supports parsing and highlighting of the matching syntax.
To alter the default code styles, press Control+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style | Python. See more details in Configuring code style.
Start typing one of the pattern matching specific keywords, such as
case, and PyCharm will show you a completion list for quick editing:
See Code completion for more details about code completion in PyCharm.
With code inspections available in PyCharm, you can detect problematic parts of code in pattern matching constructs.
The IDE shows a warning when a code element cannot be reached through the execution. In matching constructs this warning is shown because there should be only one universally matching pattern. All the following patterns are considered unreachable.
When you declare a variable name that is used in pattern matching, PyCharm highlights it and shows a warning. This happens because variable names are assignments, and their previous values are not taken into account.
To configure code inspections, press Control+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style | Python, then locate the inspection you want to edit, and apply the changes. See more details in Change inspection severity and Disabling and enabling inspections