ReSharper 2016.3 Help

Introduce Parameter refactoring

ReSharper | Refactor | Introduce Parameter…

This refactoring allows you to move an expression from a method to its callers by adding a new parameter. All occurrences of the expression are replaced with the new parameter; all calls to the method in the solution are updated with the new argument.

In the example below, we use this refactoring to replace two occurrences of the same string with a parameter. The string itself is moved to the caller argument:

Before refactoringAfter refactoring
abstract class Shape { public void Draw() { try { // draw } catch (Exception e) { LogError(e); } } static void LogError(Exception ex) { Console.WriteLine("Something has failed..."); File.WriteAllText(@"c:\Error.txt", "Something has failed..." + ex); } }
abstract class Shape { public void Draw() { try { // draw } catch (Exception e) { LogError(e, "Something has failed..."); } } static void LogError(Exception ex, string message) { Console.WriteLine(message); File.WriteAllText(@"c:\Error.txt", message + ex); } }

If an expression that you want to pass as a parameter references symbols declared in the method body, ReSharper allows you to 'en-lambda' these symbols by introducing a generic delegate parameter and using it to pass a lambda expression from the caller. In the example below, we invoke the refactoring for the "The current time is: " + currentTme expression:

Before refactoringAfter refactoring
static void PrintCurrentTime() { var currentTme = DateTime.Now.ToString("h:mm:ss tt"); Console.WriteLine("The current time is: " + currentTme); } private void Test1() { PrintCurrentTime(); }
static void PrintCurrentTime(Func<string, string> output) { var currentTme = DateTime.Now.ToString("h:mm:ss tt"); Console.WriteLine(output(currentTme)); } private void Test1() { PrintCurrentTime(currentTme => "The current time is: " + currentTme); }

To introduce a parameter for the selected expression

  1. In the editor, select an expression within a method or constructor.
  2. Do one of the following:
    • Press Ctrl+Alt+P.
    • Press Ctrl+Shift+R and then choose Introduce Parameter
    • Right-click and choose Refactor | Introduce Parameter in the context menu.
    • Choose ReSharper | Refactor | Introduce Parameter… in the main menu.
  3. If more than one occurrence of the selected expression is found, ReSharper displays the drop-down menu where you can choose whether to apply the refactoring to all occurrences or only to the current one.
  4. In the Introduce Parameter dialog that appears, enter the name for a new parameter.
  5. If the selected expression is a constant or is of a value type, then you can use the expression as a default value for an introduced parameter. To do so, select the Make default check box.
  6. If the selected expression depends on other variables, these variables appear in the Select local variables to en-lambda section. Select the variables that you want to use in the generic delegate (which will be added as the parameter in this case).
  7. To apply the refactoring, click Next.
  8. If no conflicts are found, ReSharper performs the refactoring immediately. Otherwise, it prompts you to resolve conflicts.

This feature is supported in the following languages/technologies:

C# VB.NET C++ HTML ASPX Razor JavaScript TypeScript CSS XML XAML RESX Build Scripts Protobuf JSON
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The instructions and examples given here address the use of the feature in C#. For details specific to other languages, see corresponding topics in the ReSharper by Language section.

See Also

Last modified: 23 January 2017