Code Style Assistance in C++
ReSharper provides a lot of features for keeping your code neat and clean. Being tightly interwoven with the majority of other ReSharper's features, they help you produce code and change existing codebases according to the specific code style. The code style, which includes naming standards, formatting rules, and many other tiny aspects can be configured to a very detailed level and shared across your team.
Managing and applying code formatting rules
An important aspect of code style is how to format the code, i.e., how to use whitespaces and blank lines to arrange and separate code blocks, whether and how to use tabs for indents, whether and how to wrap long lines, etc.
The extensive set of ReSharper code formatting rules has a default configuration that takes into account default Visual Studio formatting options as well as numerous best practices. You can configure every detail of formatting rules and enforce the rules in your code. These rules are applied when ReSharper produces new code with code completion and code generation features, applies code templates and performs refactorings. The formatting rules can also be applied to the existing code in the current selection, current file, or in a larger scope up to the entire solution.
ReSharper stores formatting preferences using the mechanism of shared settings. You can configure formatting rules in options pages under the group. You can also store and share formatting settings in the EditorConfig of Clang-Format files.
As an alternative to digging through options pages, you can select a block of code, press Alt+Enter and choose configure formatting rules applicable to this block, observing the changes right in this block.to
Another alternative to tweaking individual formatting preferences is to learn formatting rules from an existing code sample, which can be a selected block, the current file, a set of files, one or more projects, or the entire solution. ReSharper will analyze the selected sample and list formatting rules that differ from your current settings. You will then be able to review the detected rules, change them as required and save them to the desired.
For more information, see Using formatting rules from existing code
ReSharper helps you define, control, and apply naming style for symbols in your code. Naming style is implemented as a set of rules, each of which targets specific identifiers with the set of constraints. Each rule can have one or more associated styles that define suffixes, prefixes, capitalization of compound words, etc.
These rules are taken into account when ReSharper produces new code with code completion and code generation features, applies code templates and performs refactorings. ReSharper also helps you detect and fix violations of naming rules. If necessary, the automatic checkup of naming rules can be configured or disabled.
On the naming style schemes (STL, Google, LLVM, CamelCase, Microsoft).page of ReSharper options, you can choose one of the Predefined
ReSharper helps you arrange cv-qualifiers in generated code. On the page of ReSharper options, you can specify whether to put cv-qualifiers before or after the type specifier as well as the order of the
Include directive style
On the generated code. You can also specify whether or not to generate forward declaration in the header file.page of ReSharper options, you can specify whether to use forward or backward slash as a path separator in include directives in
Default pointer initializer style
You can specify
NULL as the preferred initializer for pointer initializers, e.g.:
const char *foo = nullptr. You can change your preference on the page of ReSharper options.
File header style
Using file headers for copyright notices and other identifying messages is a common practice. ReSharper allows you to configure the default header text and automatically insert it into code files of your solution.
If you want to apply the file header to existing files, you can do it with the code cleanup.