ReSharper 2023.2 Help

Generate Equality Members

The implementation of equality methods (that is Equals() and GetHashCode()) as well as equality operators (that is == and !=) in the Object class guarantees reference equality. In a type you create (which ultimately derives from Object and thus implements reference equality by default), you may want to implement value equality for objects of this type and use the hashcode as a unique object identifier for hashing purposes. In this case, you need to override equality methods and operators for your type.

ReSharper allows you to automate these routines with the Generate equality members command.

In the example below, this command is used to generate Equals() and GetHashCode() methods based on _radius, _center, and _description fields.

Before generation

After generation

class Circle { /// <summary>Radius of the circle</summary> int _radius; /// <summary>Center point of the circle</summary> Point _center; /// <summary>Description of the circle</summary> string _description; }
class Circle { protected bool Equals(Circle other) { return _radius == other._radius && _center.Equals(other._center) && _description == other._description; } public override bool Equals(object obj) { if (ReferenceEquals(null, obj)) return false; if (ReferenceEquals(this, obj)) return true; if (obj.GetType() != this.GetType()) return false; return Equals((Circle) obj); } public override int GetHashCode() { return HashCode.Combine(_radius, _center, _description); } /// <summary>Radius of the circle</summary> int _radius; /// <summary>Center point of the circle</summary> Point _center; /// <summary>Description of the circle</summary> string _description; }

Generate overrides for equality members

  1. In the editor, place the caret at the type name or within a type at the line where you want to insert overrides for equality members. If the caret is on the type name, the generated code will be added in the beginning of the type declaration.

  2. Press Alt+Insert or choose ReSharper | Edit | Generate Code… from the main menu. Alternatively, you can press Control+Shift+A, start typing the command name in the popup, and then choose it there.

  3. In the Generate popup, select Equality Members.

  4. In the Generate dialog that appears, select fields to be compared in the Equals() method and to be included in the value generation in the GetHashCode() method.

    Generating equality members

    If there are no fields/properties in your type or you do not select any of them, ReSharper, depending on your settings, throws new NotImplementedException(), returns default value, or puts code that will not compile in the body of the generated methods. You can configure the settings on the Code Editing | Members Generation page of ReSharper options.

    Optionally, use the following controls in the dialog:

    • Fields can be null — appears if there are any nullable fields or properties in your type. By default, this checkbox is selected, meaning that ReSharper will generate null checks for selected fields. You can clear this checkbox if you do not need null checks.

    • String comparison — appears if there are any string fields in your type. ReSharper will generate string.Compare(string, string, StringComparison) for the selected strings, and the selector lets you choose which value should be generated for the StringComparison argument.

    • GetHashCode already exists and Equals already exists appear if the corresponding overrides already exist and let you choose whether to:

      • Replace the method if it already exists.

      • Put the newly generated method side by side with the existing one.

      • Skip generating a new method altogether.

    • Use 'System.HashCode' to implement 'GetHashcode' — if this checkbox is selected, ReSharper will use the Combine from System.HashCode (which uses xxHash32) in the generated GetHashcode implementation. Otherwise, ReSharper will generate its own custom implementation.

    • Overload equality operators — generates custom equality and inequality operators (that is >== and !=) for the current type.

    • Implement IEquatable<T> interface implements a type-specific Equals() method.

    • Comparand type check — allows you to choose how the Equals() method will compare object types:

      • Type exactly same as this

      • Type exactly as the owner type

      • Type is of the owner type or a subtype

  5. Click Finish to complete the wizard.

    You can also click Options to review or modify common code generation preferences on the Code Editing | Members Generation page of ReSharper options.

You can also generate the two overrides by choosing Overriding Members in the Generate menu, but in that case they will both return base methods.

As an alternative to generating equality members within your type, you can generate equality comparer class for your type.

This feature is supported in the following languages and technologies:

Language: C#

Language: VB.NET

Language: C++

Language: HTML

Language: ASP.NET

Language: Razor

Language: JavaScript

Language: TypeScript

Language: CSS

Language: XML

Language: XAML

Language: Resx

Language: Build Scripts

Language: Protobuf

Language: JSON

Feature is available in C#

Feature is available in Visual Basic

Feature is available in C++

Feature is not available in HTML

Feature is not available in ASP.NET

Feature is not available in Razor

Feature is not available in JavaScript

Feature is not available in TypeScript

Feature is not available in CSS

Feature is not available in XML

Feature is not available in XAML

Feature is not available in Resource files

Feature is not available in build script files

Feature is not available in Protobuf

Feature is not available in JSON

The instructions and examples given here address the use of the feature in C#. For more information about other languages, refer to corresponding topics in the ReSharper by language section.

Last modified: 25 November 2021