CLion 2020.2 Help

CUDA projects

CUDA (Compute Unified Device Architecture) is a parallel computing platform and programming model by NVidia. It provides C/C++ language extensions and APIs for working with CUDA-enabled GPUs.

CLion supports CUDA C/C++ and provides it with code insight. Also, CLion can help you create CMake-based CUDA applications with the New Project wizard.

CUDA projects in CLion

Before you begin, make sure to install CUDA Development Toolkit. Refer to the official documentation for details on the installation procedure.

Create a new CUDA project

  1. Go to File | New Project and select CUDA Executable or CUDA Library as your project type.

  2. Specify the project location, language standard, and library type as required.

    Create a new CUDA project

    The selected standard will be set to the CMAKE_CUDA_STANDARD variable. If you plan to add regular C/C++ files of another standard to your project, you will need to set the CMAKE_C_STANDARD/CMAKE_CXX_STANDARD variable in the CMakeLists.txt script manually.

  3. Click Create, and CLion will generate a project with the sample CMakeLists.txt and main.cu:

    A template CUDA project

Open an existing CUDA project

  • Cmake-based CUDA projects can be opened as regular CMake applications from the File | Open menu or from the CLion welcome screen.

  • For the case of a non-CMake CUDA project, you can generate a compilation database and then load it in CLion.

Add new .cu/.cuh files

  1. Right-click the desired folder in the Project tree and select New | C/C++ Source File or C/C++ Header File.

  2. In the Type field, select .cu or .cuh for a CUDA source or CUDA header, respectively.

    If you want the new file to be automatically added to one or more CMake targets, select the Add to targets checkbox and choose the required targets from the list.

    Adding a CUDA source file

    The options will include both general CMake targets and the targets created with cuda_add_executable/cuda_add_library (see CUDA CMake language).

Set up the CUDA compiler

All the .cu/.cuh files must be compiled with NVCC, the LLVM-based CUDA compiler driver.

In order to detect NVCC, CMake should be informed on where to find the CUDA toolchain. Use one of the following options:

  • Set the CUDA toolchain path in the system PATH variable.

    On Linux, it's recommended that you add /usr/local/cuda-<version>/bin to PATH in the /etc/environment configuration file. This way, the CUDA Toolkit location will be available regardless of whether you're working from the terminal, using a desktop launcher, or connecting to a remote Linux machine. Refer to the official Installation Guide for Linux for more information.

  • Alternatively, specify the path to NVCC in CMake. One of the ways to do that is by setting the CMAKE_CUDA_COMPILER variable to the location of the NVCC executable.

    You can either add this variable to CMakeLists.txt or use the CMake options field in Settings/Preferences | Build, Execution, Deployment | CMake. For example, on Windows:

    CMake setting for a CUDA project

Configure a non-default host compiler

For compiling host code, NVCC calls the system's default C++ compiler (gcc/g++ on Linux and cl.exe on Windows). You can check the supported versions in the official guides for Windows and Linux.

If your system's default compiler is not compatible with your CUDA Toolkit, you can specify a custom compiler executable to be used by NVCC instead.

Choose one of the options:

  • Use the CUDAHOSTCXX environment variable

    CUDAHOSTCXX=/path/to/compiler

    • To set it for the current project only, use the Environment field in Settings/Preferences | Build, Execution, Deployment | CMake.

    • To make the setting system-wide, add this variable in /etc/environment.

  • Use CMake variables

    • For CUDA projects that use CUDA as a language: CMAKE_CUDA_HOST_COMPILER and CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS

    • For CUDA projects that use find_package(CUDA): CUDA_HOST_COMPILER and CUDA_NVCC_FLAGS

    Add the following lines to the CMake options field in Settings/Preferences | Build, Execution, Deployment | CMake:

    -DCMAKE_CUDA_HOST_COMPILER=/path/to/compiler -DCMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS="-ccbin /path/to/compiler"

    Alternatively, set the variables in CMakeLists.txt. Make sure to place these lines before the project() command:

    set(CMAKE_CUDA_HOST_COMPILER "/path/to/compiler") set(CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS "${CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS} -ccbin /path/to/compiler")

    To use your toolchain's compiler, replace the path with ${CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER}:

    set(CMAKE_CUDA_HOST_COMPILER "${CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER}") set(CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS "${CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS} -ccbin ${CMAKE_CXX_COMPILER}")

On Windows, host compiler changes automatically when you switch between the Visual Studio installations in your MSVC toolchain.

    CMake for CUDA projects

    CUDA language

    CUDA is supported as a language in CMake starting from version 3.8. Notice the following line at the beginning of the CMakeLists.txt script which CLion generates for a new CUDA project:

    project(cuda_testprj CUDA)

    In this command, CUDA is specified for the LANGUAGES option (the LANGUAGES keyword is skipped to shorten the line).

    As an example, you can write project(project_name LANGUAGES CUDA CXX) to enable both CUDA and C++ as your project languages.

    NVCC compiler options

    To specify compiler flags for NVCC, set the CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS variable:

    set(CMAKE_CUDA_FLAGS "-Wall")

    This way, the flags will be used globally for all targets.

    Another approach is to set the flags for specific targets with the target_compile_options command. For instance:

    target_compile_options( my_target PRIVATE $<$<COMPILE_LANGUAGE:CUDA>: --generate-line-info>)

    Separable compilation

    By default, NVCC uses the whole-program compilation approach, but you can enable separable compilation instead. This way, the components of your CUDA project will be compiled into separate objects.

    You can control separable compilation via the CMAKE_CUDA_SEPARABLE_COMPILATION variable.

    • Add the set(CMAKE_CUDA_SEPARABLE_COMPILATION ON) command to turn it on globally.

    • Use the CUDA_SEPARABLE_COMPILATION property to enable it for a particular target:

      set_target_properties( cuda_testprj PROPERTIES CUDA_SEPARABLE_COMPILATION ON)

    Adding targets

    When CUDA is enabled as a language, you can use regular add_executable/add_library commands to create executables and libraries that contain CUDA code:

    add_executable(target_name cpp_file.cpp cuda_file.cu)

    CMake will call the appropriate compilers depending on the file extension.

    Code insight for CUDA C/C++

    CLion parses and correctly highlights CUDA code, which means that navigation, quick documentation, and other code assistance features work as expected:

    Code insight for CUDA code

    In addition, code completion is available for angle brackets in kernel calls:

    Completion for CUDA code

    Known issues and limitations

    Last modified: 14 August 2020