PhpStorm 2022.2 Help

Markdown

Markdown is a lightweight markup language for adding formatting elements to plain text. PhpStorm recognizes Markdown files, provides a dedicated editor with highlighting, completion, and formatting, and shows the rendered HTML in a live preview pane.

Create a new Markdown file

By default, PhpStorm recognizes any file with the .md or .markdown extension as a Markdown file.

  1. Right-click a directory in the Project tool window Alt+1 and select New | File.

    Alternatively, you can select the necessary directory, press Alt+Insert, and then select File.

  2. Enter a name for your file with a recognized extension, for example: readme.md.

The Markdown editor provides several basic formatting actions in the floating toolbar that appears when you select a text fragment. You can use the preview pane to see the rendered HTML.

Markdown editor formatting toolbar

There is also completion for links to files in the current project, for example, if you need to reference source code, images, or other Markdown files. For more information, see Links.

Markdown editor completion popup

Code blocks

To insert a fenced code block, use triple backticks ``` before and after the code block. If you specify the language for the code block, by default, the Markdown editor injects the corresponding language.

This enables syntax highlighting and other coding assistance features for the specified language: completion, inspections, and intention actions.

Insert a fenced code block in Markdown

Disable coding assistance in code blocks

If your code blocks are not meant to be syntactically correct, you may want to disable code injection and syntax errors in code blocks.

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

  2. Clear the following options:

    • Inject languages in code fences

    • Show problems in code fences

  3. Click OK to apply the changes.

Run commands from Markdown files

When you clone a project, there is usually a README.md file with instructions and commands to run the application, configure your environment, and so on. PhpStorm detects these commands and provides gutter icons for running the commands.

  • Click the corresponding gutter icon or press Ctrl+Shift+F10 while the caret is at the command that you want to run.

    Gutter icons for running commands detected in Markdown files

You can disable the gutter icons for running commands in Markdown files in IDE settings Ctrl+Alt+S under Languages & Frameworks | Markdown: clear the Detect commands that can be run right from Markdown files checkbox.

For more information, see Markdown language settings.

Diagrams

The Markdown editor can render diagrams defined with Mermaid and PlantUML. This is disabled by default and requires the corresponding Markdown extensions.

PlantUML diagrams in markdown

Enable diagram support

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

  2. Enable either Mermaid or PlantUML under Markdown Extensions.

  3. After PhpStorm downloads the relevant extensions, click OK to apply the changes.

HTML preview

By default, the Markdown editor shows a preview pane for rendered HTML code based on the Markdown file. You can use The Show Editor Only button or The Show Preview Only button in the top right corner of the Markdown editor to show only the editor or the preview pane.

Split editor and preview horizontally

By default, the editor and preview are split vertically (side by side), which is convenient for wide monitors. You can also split it horizontally, so that the preview is displyed in the lower part of the editor, which is more convenient for portrait displays.

  1. In the top-right corner of the editor, click the Open Editor Preview button to open the Editor Preview pane.

  2. Click the Open Editor Preview button again to split the editor and preview horizontally.

Markdown editor and live preview pane split horizontally

To configure the default layout of the preview, you can use the Preview layout list in Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

Disable editor and preview scrollbar synchronization

By default, the scrollbars in the editor and in the preview pane are synchronized, meaning that the location in the preview pane corresponds to the location in the source.

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

  2. Clear Sync scroll in the editor and preview.

  3. Click OK to apply the changes.

Custom CSS

PhpStorm provides default style sheets for rendering HTML in the preview pane. These style sheets were designed to be consistent with the default UI themes. You can configure specific CSS rules to make small presentation changes (for example, change the font size for headings or line spacing in lists) or you can provide an entirely new CSS to better match your expected output (for example, if you want to replicate the GitHub Markdown style).

Configure CSS for rendering HTML preview

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

  2. Configure the settings under Custom CSS:

    • Select Load from to specify the location of a custom CSS file.

    • Select CSS rules rules to enter specific CSS rules that you want to override.

  3. Click OK to apply the changes.

Here is an example of custom CSS rules:

body { background: #DDDDDD; color: #888888; font-size: 250% !important; } strong { text-decoration: underline; }

Images

By default, Markdown uses the following syntax for images, which you can enter yourself with completion for paths inside your project:

![alt-text](path/to/file.png "optional-title")
Inserted image in a Markdown document

Insert image

  1. Press Ctrl+U.

    Alternatively, press Alt+Insert to open the Insert… popup, and select Image.

    Insert an image in a Markdown file
  2. Specify the path to the image in the Insert Image dialog.

    Markdown Insert Image dialog
  3. Click OK.

To configure the image, click The Configure image icon in the gutter on the line where the image is inserted. For example, you can select Convert to HTML in the Insert Image dialog to insert the image with raw HTML markup in the Markdown file.

Insert Image with raw HTML

This will produce the following:

Image inserted with raw HTML

You can define links with the following syntax:

[link-text](link-url "optional-title")
Insert a link in a Markdown file
  • Press Ctrl+Shift+U.

    Alternatively, press Alt+Insert to open the Insert… popup, and select Link.

    Insert a link in a Markdown file

If you had some text highlighted, it will be enclosed in [ ] as the text of the link. If you had a URL copied to the clipboard, it will be enclosed in ( ) as the link URL.

The optional title appears when the user hovers the mouse cursor over the link.

  • Besides URLs, you can add links to any header in the current file:

    # This is a chapter Link to [this chapter](#this-is-a-chapter)
  • You can also link to any other file relative to the current file:

    # This is a chapter Link to [a chapter in another file](another-file.md#some-chapter)

PhpStorm provides completion for link labels that are available in the current context: files relative to the current file and valid header labels.

Ctrl+Click on a link label to navigate to the referenced header.

You can invoke Find Usages Alt+F7 on a header or label to see all the links pointing to this label. You can also invoke the Rename refactoring Shift+F6 on a header or label to rename it along with all relevant usages.

Generate table of contents

You can generate a properly indented list of headers available in the current file.

  1. Place the caret where you want to add the table of contents for the current file and press Alt+Insert to open the Insert… popup.

  2. Select Table of Contents.

    Create a table of contents in a Markdown file

    If you already have a table of contents in this file, select Update Table of Contents to update it after you add, remove, or rename some headers.

The table of contents is enclosed in <!-- TOC --> comment tags.

<!-- TOC --> * [Main title](#main-title) * [Subtitle](#subtitle) * [Another subtitle](#another-subtitle) * [Another main title](#another-main-title) * [Secondary subtitle](#secondary-subtitle) * [Third level header](#third-level-header) <!-- TOC -->

Tables

PhpStorm provides support for creating and editing tables in Markdown.

Insert table

  1. Press Alt+Insert to open the Insert… popup, and select Table.

    Insert a table in a Markdown file
  2. Select the size of the table (number of rows and columns).

  3. Type the contents of each cell and press Tab to move the caret from one cell to the next. To add a new row, press Shift+Enter.

By default, PhpStorm shows table column and row markers in the editor. Use these markers to select, move, insert, remove, and align the columns and rows. The markers are a special type of inlay hints specific to Markdown files. If you don't see these markers, press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings, go to Editor | Inlay Hints, and check the Other | Markdown | Table inlays option.

Editing a table in a Markdown file

Click the column marker to perform the following actions:

  • The Move Column Left button Move Column Left

  • The Move Column Right button Move Column Right

  • The Insert Column Left button Insert Column Left

  • The Insert Column Right button Insert Column Right

  • The Select Column Cells button Select Column Cells

  • The Align Left button Align Left

  • The Align Center button Align Center

  • The Align Right button Align Right

  • The Remove Column button Remove Column

Click the row marker to perform the following actions:

  • The Move Row Up button Move Row Up

  • The Move Row Down button Move Row Down

  • The Insert Row Above button Insert Row Above

  • The Insert Row Below button Insert Row Below

  • The Select Row button Select Row

  • The Remove Row button Remove Row

Floating toolbar

When you select some text in a Markdown file, PhpStorm shows a floating toolbar with various formatting options.

The Markdown floating toolbar
  • Select between regular text and a header with levels from H1 to H6

  • Bold Bold Ctrl+B

  • Italic Italic Ctrl+I

  • Strikethrough Strikethrough Ctrl+Shift+S

  • Code Code Ctrl+Shift+C

  • Create Link Create Link Ctrl+Shift+U

  • Unordered List Unordered List

  • Ordered List Ordered List

  • Checkmark List Checkmark List

Customize the floating toolbar

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Appearance & Behavior | Menus and Toolbars.

  2. Add or remove the necessary actions under Markdown Editor Floating Toolbar.

    For more information, see Menus and toolbars.

  3. Click OK to apply changes.

Hide the floating toolbar

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Languages & Frameworks | Markdown.

  2. Select Hide floating toolbar.

  3. Click OK to apply changes.

Reformat Markdown files

PhpStorm can reformat Markdown files with proper line wrappings, blank lines, and indentation.

You can trigger reformatting automatically on VCS commits, when running builds, or some other action, or you can invoke it manually at any time:

  • From the main menu, select Code | Reformat Code or press Ctrl+Alt+L.

PhpStorm formats the contents according to the code style settings for Markdown files.

Configure Markdown code style settings

  • Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Editor | Code Style | Markdown.

For more information, see Markdown code style settings.

Convert Markdown files

The Markdown plugin can export your Markdown files to HTML and PDF out of the box. If you configure Pandoc, it will also be able to export to and import from Microsoft Word files (DOCX).

Configure Pandoc

PhpStorm should be able to detect your Pandoc installation automatically. If not, perform the following:

  1. From the main menu, select Tools | Markdown Converter | Configure Pandoc….

  2. Under Pandoc Settings specify the location of the Pandoc executable and the location where you want to store images imported from Microsoft Word documents.

  3. Click OK to apply the changes.

Import from Microsoft Word

  1. From the main menu, select Tools | Markdown Converter | Import Word Document….

  2. Specify the location of the document.

Export Markdown file to another format

  1. From the main menu, select Tools | Markdown Converter | Export Markdown File To….

  2. In the Export Markdown dialog, specify the name, location, and format for the output file and click OK.

    The Markdown Export dialog

PhpStorm can export to Microsoft Word (requires Pandoc), PDF, and HTML.

Productivity tips

Customize highlighting for Markdown

PhpStorm highlights various Markdown elements according to the color scheme settings.

  1. In the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), select Editor | Color Scheme | Markdown.

  2. Select the color scheme, accept the highlighting settings inherited from defaults, or customize them as described in Colors and fonts.

  • Use the Structure tool window Alt+7 or the File Structure popup Ctrl+F12 to view and jump to the relevant headings.

Add comments to a Markdown file

Markdown does not have dedicated syntax for commenting out lines. However, it is possible to emulate a comment line using a link label without an address, like this:

[comment]: <> (Your comment text)

  • Put the caret at the line that you want to comment out and press Ctrl+/.

    This will add a link label with the commented out text in parentheses and a blank line before it if necessary. Press the same shortcut to uncomment.

Last modified: 01 August 2022