PhpStorm 2017.3 Help

React

Overview

React is a JavaScript library for building complex interactive User Interfaces from encapsulated components. Learn more about the library from React Official website.

PhpStorm integrates with React providing assistance in configuring, editing, linting, running, debugging, and maintaining your applications.

Before you start

Download, install, and configure Node.js as described in Configuring Node.js Interpreters.

Creating a new React application

You can use the create-react-app package or create an empty PhpStorm project and install React in it.

Generating a React application with create-react-app

Create React App is the recommended way to start building a new React single page application. As a result, your development environment is preconfigured to use webpack, Babel, ESLint, and other tools.

To install create-react-app globally
Open the built-in Terminal (View | Tool Windows | Terminal) and type npm install -g create-react-app at the command prompt.

To create an application

  1. Choose File | New Project on the main menu or click Create New Project on the Welcome screen. The Create New Project Dialog opens.
  2. In the left-hand pane, choose React App.
  3. In the right-hand pane, specify the project folder, the Node.js interpreter to use, and the path to the create-react-app package.
  4. Optionally:
    Specify a custom package to use instead of react-scripts during the project generation. This can be one of the packages forked from react-scripts, for example, react-awesome-scripts, custom-react-scripts, react-scripts-ts, etc.
  5. When you click Create, PhpStorm generates a React-specific project with all the required configuration files.
Learn more about installing React and creating React applications from React Official website.

Installing React in an empty PhpStorm project

In this case, you will have to configure the build pipeline yourself as described in Building a React application below.

To create an empty PhpStorm project

  1. Choose File | New Project on the main menu or click Create New Project on the Welcome screen. The Create New Project Dialog opens.
  2. In the left-hand pane, choose PHP Empty Project. In the right-hand pane, specify the application folder and click Create.

To install React in an empty project

  1. Open the empty project where you will use React.
  2. Open the embedded Terminal (View | Tool Windows | Terminal) and type npm install --save react react-dom.
Learn more about adding React to a project from React Official website.

Starting with an existing React application

If you are going to continue developing an existing React application, open it in PhpStorm and download the required dependencies.

If the application sources are already on your machine
Click Open on the Welcome screen or choose File | Open Directory on the main menu. In the dialog that opens, select the folder where your sources are stored.

If the application sources are under version control

  1. Click Check out from Version Control on the Welcome screen or choose VCS | Check out from Version Control on the main menu.
  2. Select your version control system from the list.
  3. In the VCS-specific dialog that opens, type your credentials and the repository to check out the application sources from.

To download the dependencies
Open the embedded Terminal (View | Tool Windows | Terminal) and type npm install at the command prompt.

Completing code

PhpStorm provides code completion for React APIs and JSX in JavaScript code. Code completion works for React methods, React-specific attributes, HTML tags and component names, React events, component properties, etc. Learn more from React Official website.

To get code completion for React methods and React-specific attributes, you need to have the react.js library file somewhere in your project. Usually the library is already in your node_modules folder.

Completing React methods, attributes, and events
By default, the code completion popup is displayed automatically as you type. For example:

ws_react_completion_methods_and_attributes.png
In JSX tags, PhpStorm provides coding assistance for React-specific attributes, such as className or classID, and non-DOM attributes, such as key or ref. Moreover, autocompletion also works for names of classes defined in the project’s CSS files:
All React events, such as onClick or onChange, can also be completed automatically together with curly braces (={}):
ws_react_events.png
Completion also works for JavaScript expressions inside curly braces. This applies to all the methods and functions that you have defined:
ws_react_javascript_expression.png

Completing HTML tags and component names
PhpStorm provides code completion for HTML tags and component names that you have defined inside methods in JavaScript or inside other components:

ws_react_component_completion.png
Completion also works for imported components with ES6 style syntax:
ws_react_imported_component_completion.png

Completing component properties
PhpStorm provides code completion for component properties defined using propTypes and resolves them so you can quickly jump or preview their definitions:

ws_react_component_properties.png
When you autocomplete the name of a component, PhpStorm adds all its required properties automatically. If some of the required properties are missing in the usage of a component, PhpStorm warns you about that.

Using Emmet in JSX

With PhpStorm, you can use Emmet not only in HTML but also in your JSX code taking advantage of some special React twists. For example, the abbreviation div.my-class expands in JSX to <div className=”my-class"></div> but not to <div class=”my-class"></div> as it would in HTML:

Navigating through a React application

Besides the basic navigation, PhpStorm helps you jump between React-specific code elements.

  • To jump to the definition of a method or a JavaScript expression inside curly braces {}, select the method or expression and press Ctrl+B.
  • To jump to the definition of a component, select the component name and press Ctrl+B.
  • To view documentation for a component, press Ctrl+Shift+I.
ws_react_quick_definition.png

Linting a React application

All the PhpStorm built-in code inspections for JavaScript and HTML also work in JSX code. PhpStorm alerts you in case of unused variables and functions, missing closing tags, missing statements, and much more:

ws_react_inspection.png
For some inspections PhpStorm provides quick-fixes, for example, suggests adding a missing method. To view the quick-fix pop-up, press Alt+Enter.

Using ESLint

Besides providing built-in code inspections, PhpStorm also integrates with linters, such as ESLint, for JSX code. ESLint brings a wide range of linting rules that can also be extended with plugins. PhpStorm shows warnings and errors reported by ESLint right in the editor, as you type. You can also use JavaScript Standard Style with ESLint.

To have ESLint properly understand React JSX syntax, you need eslint-plugin-react. With this plugin, you are warned, for example, when the display name is not set for a React component, or when some dangerous JSX properties are used:

ws_eslint_react.png
To get started with ESLint in PhpStorm
  1. In the built-in Terminal (View | Tool Windows | Terminal), type npm install --save-dev eslint and npm install --save-dev eslint-plugin-react.
  2. Add a ESLint configuration file .eslintrc to your project.
  3. Open the ESLint page: in the Settings/Preferences dialog (Ctrl+Alt+S), choose Languages and Frameworks | JavaScript | Code Quality Tools | ESLint. Select the Enable checkbox. PhpStorm will automatically locate ESLint in your project’s node_modules folder and then use the .eslintrc configuration by default.
ws_eslint_enable.png

Example of .eslintrc structure (ESLint 1.x with react plugin)

  • In the ecmaFeatures object, add "jsx" = true. Here you can also specify additional language features you’d like to use, for example ES6 classes, modules, etc.
  • In the plugins object, add react.
  • In the rules object, you can list ESLint built-in rules that you would like to enable, as well as rules available via the react plugin.
{ "parser": "babel-eslint", "env": { "browser": true }, "ecmaFeatures": { "jsx": true }, "plugins": [ "react" ], "rules": { "semi": 2 } }
Learn more about ESLint and react plugin configuration from ESLint Official website.

Refactoring a React application

Besides the common PhpStorm refactorings, in a React application you can also run Rename for React components: Place the cursor within the component name and press Shift+F6. Below is an example of renaming a component that is defined and used in only one file:

In the same way, you can rename components defined in one file and then imported to another file using a named export:

Running and debugging a React application

The recommended way to start building a new React single page application is Create React App. Only in this case your development environment is preconfigured to use webpack and Babel. Otherwise, you need to configure a build pipeline first.

To run a React application
In the npm tool window (View | Tool Windows | npm), double-click the start task. Alternatively, select the task and choose Run 'start' on the context menu.
Thanks to the Webpack Hot Module Replacement, when the development server is running, your application is automatically reloaded as soon as you change any of the source files and save the updates.

To debug a React application

  1. Start the application in the development mode by double-clicking the start task in the npm tool window.
  2. Wait till the application is compiled and the Webpack development server is ready. Open your browser at http://localhost:3000/ to view the application.
  3. Copy the URL address at which the application is running (http://localhost:3000/ by default), you will later need this URL when creating a debug configuration.
    ws_react_debug_cra_app_is_running.png
  4. Create a new JavaScript debug configuration: choose Run | Edit Configurations, click add, and choose JavaScript Debug from the list. In the Run/Debug Configuration: JavaScript Debug dialog, paste the saved URL (http://localhost:3000/) in the URL field. Save the configuration.
  5. Set the breakpoints in your code and start a debugging session by clicking debug next to the list of configurations.
  6. When the first breakpoint is hit, switch to the Debug Tool Window and proceed as usual: step through the program, stop and resume program execution, examine it when suspended, explore the call stack and variables, set watches, evaluate variables, view actual HTML DOM, etc.
    ws_react_debug_cra_debug_session.png

Building a React application

You need to set up the build process if you installed React in an existing PhpStorm project. Learn about various ways to configure a build pipeline for your React application from React Official website.

Testing a React application

You can run and debug Jest tests in React applications created with create-react-app. Before you start, make sure the react-scripts package is added to the dependencies object of your package.json.

You can run and debug Jest tests via a run/debug configuration, or right from the editor, or from the Project tool window, see Jest for details.

To create a Jest run/debug configuration

  1. Open the Run/Debug Configuration dialog box (Run | Edit Configurations on the main menu).
  2. Click new on the toolbar and select Jest from the list. The Run/Debug Configuration: Jest dialog box opens.
  3. Specify the Node interpreter to use and the working directory of the application.

    By default, the Working directory field shows the project root folder. To change this predefined setting, specify the path to the desired folder or choose a previously used folder from the list.

  4. In the Jest package field, specify the path to the react-scripts package.
  5. In the Jest options field, type --env=jsdom.
ws_react_run_config_jest.png

To run tests

  1. Select the Jest run/debug configuration from the list on the main toolbar and click run to the right of the list.
    ws_select_run_configuration_jest.png
  2. The test server starts automatically without any steps from your side. View and analyze messages from the test server in the Run tool window.
  3. Monitor test execution in the Test Runner tab of the Run tool window as described in Monitoring and Managing Tests.

To debug tests

  1. Select the Jest run/debug configuration from the list on the main toolbar and click debug to the right of the list.
  2. In the Debug Tool Window that opens, proceed as usual: step through the tests, stop and resume test execution, examine the test when suspended, etc.

Some known limitations

  • When you open an application during a debugging session for the first time, it may happen that some of the breakpoints in the code executed on page load are not hit. The reason is that to stop on a breakpoint in the original source code, PhpStorm needs to get the source maps from the browser. However the browser can pass these source maps only after the page has been fully loaded at least once. As a workaround, reload the page in the browser yourself.
  • If you are using webpack-dev-server from Webpack version earlier than 2, it is recommended that you disable the Safe write feature in PhpStorm. Otherwise the application won’t be updated on-time when changed. This issue is fixed in Webpack 2.
Last modified: 6 December 2017

See Also