PyCharm 2020.1 Help

Overview of the user interface

When you open a project in PyCharm, the default user interface looks as follows:

The Main window

Depending on the set of plugins, PyCharm edition, and configuration settings, your IDE may look and behave differently.

Editor

Focus: Escape

Use the editor to read, write, and explore your source code.

Action indicators and action list

Open action list: Alt+Enter

Different icons that appear in the left editor gutter are action indicators that help you notice available quick fixes quick fix and other actions.

Quick fixes and other commands relevant for the current caret position are available in the action list that you can open with Alt+Enter or by cliking an action indicator.

Focus: Alt+Home

Show/hide: View | Appearance | Navigation Bar

The navigation bar at the top is a quick alternative to the Project tool window where you can navigate the structure of your project and open files for editing.

Use the buttons to the right of the navigation bar to build The Build Project button, run the Run button and debug the Debug button your application, and perform basic version control operations (if the version control integration is configured). It also contains buttons to Run Anything The Run Anything button (press Ctrl twice) and Search Everywhere The Search Everywhere button (press Shift twice).

Status bar

Show/hide: View | Appearance | Status Bar

The left part of the status bar at the bottom of the main window shows the most recent event messages and descriptions of actions when you hover over them with the mouse pointer. Click a message in the status bar to open it in the Event Log. Right-click the message in the status bar and select Copy to paste the message text when you are searching for a solution to a problem or need to add it to a support ticket or to the PyCharm issue tracker.

Use the quick access button Show tool windows or Hide tool windows to switch between tool windows and hide the tool window bars.

The status bar also shows the progress of background tasks. You can click Background tasks to show the Background Tasks manager.

The right part of the status bar contains widgets that indicate the overall project and IDE status and provide access to various settings. Depending on the set of plugins and configuration settings, the set of widgets can change. Right-click the status bar to select the widgets that you want to show or hide.

Widget

Description

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The line and column numbers divided by a colon denote the current caret position in the editor. Click the numbers to jump to a specific line and column. If you select a code fragment in the editor, PyCharm also shows the number of characters and line breaks in the selected fragment.

Line endings

Click to change the line endings of the current file in the editor.

Encoding

Click to change the encoding of the current file in the editor.

Read-only Write-only

Click to lock the file from editing (set it to read-only).

List of the available Python interpreters

The Project Interpreter widget. It shows the Python interpreter that currently is in use. Click it to add a new project interpreter, select an existing interpreter, or open the list of the interpreter settings.

Configure remote Python interpreter widget

The Hector icon

Click to change the code inspection highlighting settings.

Use the slider to choose between Inspections The Hector inspections icon (highlight everything), Syntax The Hector syntax icon (highlight only syntax errors), and None The Hector none icon (do not highlight anything).

Select the Power Save Mode checkbox to minimize power consumption by eliminating all background operations Code analysis disabled in the Power Save mode. In this mode the IDE is more like a text editor without background compilation, code completion, code inspections, and highlighting.

Clear the Import popup checkbox to disable auto-import for the current file.

VCS branches

If version control integration is enabled, this widget shows the current VCS branch. Click it to manage VCS branches.

Code style indents

Click to change the indents style used in the current file.

Memory indicator

Shows the amount of memory that PyCharm consumes out of the total amount of heap memory. For more information, see Increase memory heap.

Tool windows

Show/hide: View | Tool Windows

Tool windows provide functionality that supplements editing code. For example, the Project tool window shows you the structure of your project, and the Run tool window displays the output of your application when you run it.

By default, tool windows are docked to the sides and bottom of the main window. You can arrange them as necessary, undock, resize, hide, and so on. Right-click the title of the tool window or click The Show Options Menu button in the title for its arrangement options.

You can assign shortcuts to quickly access the tool windows that you frequently use. Some of them have shortcuts by default. For example, to open the Project tool window, press Alt+1, and to open the Terminal tool window, press Alt+F12. To jump from the editor to the last active tool window, press F12.

Context menus

You can right-click various elements of the interface to see the actions available in the current context. For example, right-click a file in the Project tool window for actions related to that file, or right-click in the editor to see actions that apply to the current code fragment.

Most of these actions can also be performed from the main menu at the top of the screen or the main window. Actions with shortcuts show the shortcut next to the action name.

Popup menus provide quick access for actions related to the current context. Here are some useful popup menus and their shortcuts:

  • Alt+Insert opens the Generate popup for generating boilerplate code based on the context.

  • Ctrl+Shift+Alt+T opens the Refactor This popup with a list of contextually available refactorings.

  • Alt+Insert in the Project tool window opens the New popup for adding new files and directories to your project.

  • Alt+` opens the VCS Operations popup with contexutally available acttios for your version control system.

You can create custom popup menus using quick lists of actions that you often use.

Last modified: 5 June 2020