IntelliJ IDEA features for Scala
The user interface for Scala looks similar to the standard IntelliJ IDEA UI. If you want to learn more about it, refer to the Configuring the IDE section. On top of that, the Scala plugin provides you with additional windows, such as the sbt tool window and sbt shell.
The most interesting part of the user interface is the IntelliJ IDEA editor since it lets you invoke almost any IDE feature without switching to other dialogs. This helps you organize a layout where you have more screen space because auxiliary controls, such as toolbars and windows, are hidden.
Accessing a tool window via its shortcut moves the input focus to it, so you can use all keyboard commands in its context. When you need to go back to the editor, press Escape.
Below is a list of shortcuts that invoke the tool windows you will most often need:
The sbt projects tool window and sbt Shell can be accessed from the main menu ( ). You can always press Ctrl+Shift+A to quickly search for these items. To learn more about sbt, go to sbt.
The Navigation bar is a compact alternative to the Project tool window. To access the Navigation bar, press Alt+Home.
Most components in IntelliJ IDEA (both tool windows and popups) provide speed search. This feature allows you to filter a list, or navigate to a particular item by using a search query.
Alternative viewing modes
When you want to focus on the code, try the Distraction Free Mode. It removes all toolbars, tool windows, and editor tabs. To switch to this mode, select from the main menu. Refer to IDE viewing modes to learn more about other viewing modes: Full Screen, Zen Mode, and Presentation Mode.
Besides, an alternative to Distraction Free Mode may be hiding all tool windows by pressing Ctrl+Shift+F12. You can restore the layout to its default by pressing this shortcut once again.
The most useful editor shortcuts are:
Move the current line of code
Duplicate a line of code
Remove a line of code
Comment or uncomment a line of code
Comment a block of code
Find in the currently opened file
Find and replace in the current file
Navigate between opened tabs
Expand or collapse a code block in the editor
Ctrl+NumPad + Ctrl+NumPad -
Highlight usages of a symbol
To expand a selection based on grammar, press Ctrl+W. To shrink it, press Ctrl+Shift+W.
IntelliJ IDEA can select more than one piece of code at a time. You can select next occurrence via Alt+J and deselect by pressing Alt+Shift+J. You can even select all occurrences at once, by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Shift+J.
For more information, refer to Editor basics
When you access Basic Completion by pressing Ctrl+Space, you get basic suggestions for variables, types, methods, expressions, for a parameter name you get type suggestions and so on. When you call Basic Completion twice, it shows you more results, including methods from implicit conversions that you can import.
The Smart Completion feature is aware of the expected type and data flow, and offers the options relevant to the context. To call Smart Completion, press Ctrl+Shift+Space. When you call Smart Completion twice, it shows you more results, including chains.
To let IntelliJ IDEA complete a statement for you, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Statement Completion will automatically add the missing parentheses, brackets, braces, and the necessary formatting.
If you want to see the suggested parameters for any method or constructor, press Ctrl+P. IntelliJ IDEA shows the parameter info for each overloaded method or constructor, and highlights the best match for the parameters already typed.
The Postfix Completion feature lets you transform an already typed expression to another one, based on the postfix you type after a dot.
For more information, refer to Auto-Completing Code.
For more information about navigation in IntelliJ IDEA, refer to Source code navigation.
Most of the time you work with a finite set of files, and need to switch between them quickly. For this case, is an action called Recent Files invoked by pressing Ctrl+E. By default, the focus is on the last accessed file. Note that you can also open any tool window through this action:
Another way to use IntelliJ IDEA features is to navigate through your codebase using the following IntelliJ IDEA features:
Navigate to Class is available by pressing Ctrl+N and supports sophisticated expressions, including camel humps, paths, line navigate to, middle name matching, and many more. If you call it twice, it shows you the results out of the project classes.
Navigate to File works similarly by pressing Ctrl+Shift+N, but is used for files and folders. To navigate to a folder, end your expression with the Slash character.
Navigate to Symbol is available by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Shift+N and allows you to find a method or a field by its name.
You can also use the Project tool window to explore the internal structure of a file. Click and from the list that opens, select .
When you are not switching between files, you are most probably navigating within a file. The simplest way to do it is to press Ctrl+F12. The popup shows you the structure of a file, and allows you to quickly navigate to any of them:
If you need to open a file in a particular tool window (or Finder/Explorer), you can do so via the Select In action by pressing Alt+F1:
Navigation shortcuts include:
Navigate to class
Navigate to file
Navigate to symbol
Navigate to declaration
Navigate to type hierarchy
Show UML popup
Quick Popups are helpful for checking additional information related to the symbol at the caret. Below is a list of popups you should know if you want to be more productive:
IntelliJ IDEA offers a set of automated code refactorings that lead to significant productivity gains when used correctly. Firstly, you don't need to select anything before you apply a refactoring. IntelliJ IDEA is smart enough to figure out what statement you're going to refactor, and only asks for confirmation if several choices are possible.
Extract variable or type
Extract a constant
Extract a method
Extract a parameter
For extracting a trait, use the main menu ().
For more information, refer to Code refactoring.
Find Usages helps you quickly find all pieces of code referencing the symbol at the caret, no matter if the symbol is a class, method, field, parameter, or another statement. Press Alt+F7 and get a list of references grouped by usage type, module, and file.
If you want to set custom options for the Find Usages algorithm, press Ctrl+Alt+Shift+F7, or click the first button on the right panel with search results.
If what you're looking for is plain text, use Find in Files by pressing Ctrl+Shift+F.
For more information, refer to Search for usages.
Inspections are built-in static code analysis tools that help you find probable bugs, locate dead code, detect performance issues, and improve the overall code structure.
Most inspections not only tell you where a problem is, but also provide quick fixes to deal with it right away. Press Alt+Enter to choose a quick-fix.
Inspections that are too complex to be run as you type are available when you perform code analysis for the entire project. You can do this in one of the following two ways: by selectingfrom the main menu, or by selecting to run an inspection by its name.
Note that while inspections provide quick-fixes for code that has potential problems, intentions help you apply automatic changes to code that is correct. To get a list of intentions applicable to the code at the caret, press Alt+Enter.
For more information, refer to Code inspections.
Code style and formatting
IntelliJ IDEA automatically applies a code style you've configured in the Code Style settings as you edit, and in most cases you don't need to call the Reformat Code action explicitly.
Note that by default, IntelliJ IDEA uses regular spaces for indents instead of tabs. If you have files with lots of indents, you may want to optimize their size by enabling the Use tab character option located in .
You can also use the Scalastyle inspection for checking your Scala code. Place scalastyle_config.xml in the <root>/.idea or <root>/project directory and inspect your code.
Use the following formatting shortcuts:
Desugar Scala code (file)
For more information, refer to Reformatting Source Code.