IntelliJ IDEA 2023.3 Help

IntelliJ IDEA features for Scala

User interface

The user interface for Scala looks similar to the standard IntelliJ IDEA UI. If you want to learn more about it, refer to the Configuring the IDE section. On top of that, the Scala plugin provides you with additional windows, such as the sbt tool window and sbt shell.

User interface

The most interesting part of the user interface is the IntelliJ IDEA editor since it lets you invoke almost any IDE feature without switching to other dialogs. This helps you organize a layout where you have more screen space because auxiliary controls, such as toolbars and windows, are hidden.

Accessing a tool window via its shortcut moves the input focus to it, so you can use all keyboard commands in its context. When you need to go back to the editor, press Escape.

Below is a list of shortcuts that invoke the tool windows you will most often need:

Tool Window

Shortcut

Project

Alt+1

Version Control

Alt+9

Run

Alt+4

Debug

Alt+5

Terminal

Alt+F12

Editor

Escape

The sbt projects tool window and sbt Shell can be accessed from the main menu (View | Tool Windows). You can always press Ctrl+Shift+A to quickly search for these items. To learn more about sbt, go to sbt.

The Navigation bar is a compact alternative to the Project tool window. To access the Navigation bar, press Alt+Home.

Navigation bar

Most components in IntelliJ IDEA (both tool windows and popups) provide speed search. This feature allows you to filter a list, or navigate to a particular item by using a search query.

Search for

For more information, refer to User interface, Editor basics, and Tool windows.

Alternative viewing modes

When you want to focus on the code, try the Distraction Free Mode. It removes all toolbars, tool windows, and editor tabs. To switch to this mode, select View | Appearance | Enter Distraction Free Mode from the main menu. Refer to IDE viewing modes to learn more about other viewing modes: Full Screen, Zen Mode, and Presentation Mode.

Besides, an alternative to Distraction Free Mode may be hiding all tool windows by pressing Ctrl+Shift+F12. You can restore the layout to its default by pressing this shortcut once again.

Editor shortcuts

The most useful editor shortcuts are:

Action

Description

Move the current line of code

Ctrl+Shift+Up Ctrl+Shift+Down

Duplicate a line of code

Ctrl+D

Remove a line of code

Ctrl+Y

Comment or uncomment a line of code

Ctrl+/

Comment a block of code

Ctrl+Shift+/

Find in the currently opened file

Ctrl+F

Find and replace in the current file

Ctrl+R

Next occurrence

F3

Previous occurrence

Shift+F3

Navigate between opened tabs

Alt+Right Alt+Left

Navigate back/forward

Ctrl+Alt+Left Ctrl+Alt+Right

Expand or collapse a code block in the editor

Ctrl+NumPad + Ctrl+NumPad -

Generate

Alt+Insert

Surround with

Ctrl+Alt+T

Highlight usages of a symbol

Ctrl+F7

To expand a selection based on grammar, press Ctrl+W. To shrink it, press Ctrl+Shift+W.

IntelliJ IDEA can select more than one piece of code at a time. You can select next occurrence via Alt+J and deselect by pressing Alt+Shift+J. You can even select all occurrences at once, by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Shift+J.

In IntelliJ IDEA, every change you make is immediately persisted. You can read more about it in sections Save and Revert Changes and Local History.

For more information, refer to Editor basics

Code completion

When you access Basic Completion by pressing Ctrl+Space, you get basic suggestions for variables, types, methods, expressions, for a parameter name you get type suggestions and so on. When you call Basic Completion twice, it shows you more results, including methods from implicit conversions that you can import.

The Smart Completion feature is aware of the expected type and data flow, and offers the options relevant to the context. To call Smart Completion, press Ctrl+Shift+Space. When you call Smart Completion twice, it shows you more results, including chains.

To let IntelliJ IDEA complete a statement for you, press Ctrl+Shift+Enter. Statement Completion will automatically add the missing parentheses, brackets, braces, and the necessary formatting.

If you want to see the suggested parameters for any method or constructor, press Ctrl+P. IntelliJ IDEA shows the parameter info for each overloaded method or constructor, and highlights the best match for the parameters already typed.

The Postfix Completion feature lets you transform an already typed expression to another one, based on the postfix you type after a dot.

For more information, refer to Auto-Completing Code.

For more information about navigation in IntelliJ IDEA, refer to Source code navigation.

Recent files

Most of the time you work with a finite set of files, and need to switch between them quickly. For this case, is an action called Recent Files invoked by pressing Ctrl+E. By default, the focus is on the last accessed file. Note that you can also open any tool window through this action:

Recent files

Another way to use IntelliJ IDEA features is to navigate through your codebase using the following IntelliJ IDEA features:

  • Navigate to Class is available by pressing Ctrl+N and supports sophisticated expressions, including camel humps, paths, line navigate to, middle name matching, and many more. If you call it twice, it shows you the results out of the project classes.

  • Navigate to File works similarly by pressing Ctrl+Shift+N, but is used for files and folders. To navigate to a folder, end your expression with the Slash character.

  • Navigate to Symbol is available by pressing Ctrl+Alt+Shift+N and allows you to find a method or a field by its name.

You can also use the Project tool window to explore the internal structure of a file. Click the Show Options Menu icon and from the list that opens, select Tree Appearance | Show Members.

Show members in the Project tool window

Structure

When you are not switching between files, you are most probably navigating within a file. The simplest way to do it is to press Ctrl+F12. The popup shows you the structure of a file, and allows you to quickly navigate to any of them:

File structures

Select In

If you need to open a file in a particular tool window (or Finder/Explorer), you can do so via the Select In action by pressing Alt+F1:

Select in

Navigation shortcuts include:

Action

Shortcut

Search everywhere

Double Shift

Navigate to class

Ctrl+N

Navigate to file

Ctrl+Shift+N

Navigate to symbol

Ctrl+Alt+Shift+N

Recent files

Ctrl+E

File structure

Ctrl+F12

Select in

Alt+F1

Navigate to declaration

Ctrl+B

Navigate to type hierarchy

Ctrl+H

Show UML popup

Ctrl+Alt+U

Quick popups

Quick Popups are helpful for checking additional information related to the symbol at the caret. Below is a list of popups you should know if you want to be more productive:

Quick popups

Action

Shortcut

Type Info

Alt+Equals

Documentation

Ctrl+Q

Quick definition

Ctrl+Shift+I

Show usages

Ctrl+Alt+F7

Show implementation

Ctrl+Alt+B

Implicit conversions

Ctrl+Shift+Q

Implicit parameters

Ctrl+Shift+P

Refactoring basics

IntelliJ IDEA offers a set of automated code refactorings that lead to significant productivity gains when used correctly. Firstly, you don't need to select anything before you apply a refactoring. IntelliJ IDEA is smart enough to figure out what statement you're going to refactor, and only asks for confirmation if several choices are possible.

Refactoring basics

Action

Shortcut

Rename

Shift+F6

Extract variable or type

Ctrl+Alt+V

Extract field

Ctrl+Alt+F

Extract a constant

Ctrl+Alt+C

Extract a method

Ctrl+Alt+M

Extract a parameter

Ctrl+Alt+P

Inline

Ctrl+Alt+N

Copy

F5

Move

F6

Refactor this

Ctrl+Alt+Shift+T

For extracting a trait, use the main menu (Refactor | Extract | Trait).

For more information, refer to Code refactoring.

Finding usages

Find Usages helps you quickly find all pieces of code referencing the symbol at the caret, no matter if the symbol is a class, method, field, parameter, or another statement. Press Alt+F7 and get a list of references grouped by usage type, module, and file.

If you want to set custom options for the Find Usages algorithm, press Ctrl+Alt+Shift+F7, or click the first button on the right panel with search results.

If what you're looking for is plain text, use Find in Files by pressing Ctrl+Shift+F.

Find usages

For more information, refer to Search for usages.

Inspections

Inspections are built-in static code analysis tools that help you find probable bugs, locate dead code, detect performance issues, and improve the overall code structure.

Most inspections not only tell you where a problem is, but also provide quick fixes to deal with it right away. Press Alt+Enter to choose a quick-fix.

Inspections that are too complex to be run as you type are available when you perform code analysis for the entire project. You can do this in one of the following two ways: by selecting Code | Running Code Cleanup with profile ''{0}'' from the main menu, or by selecting Code | Analyze Code | Run Inspection by Name to run an inspection by its name.

Note that while inspections provide quick-fixes for code that has potential problems, intentions help you apply automatic changes to code that is correct. To get a list of intentions applicable to the code at the caret, press Alt+Enter.

For more information, refer to Code inspections.

Code style and formatting

IntelliJ IDEA automatically applies a code style you've configured in the Code Style settings as you edit, and in most cases you don't need to call the Reformat Code action explicitly.

Note that by default, IntelliJ IDEA uses regular spaces for indents instead of tabs. If you have files with lots of indents, you may want to optimize their size by enabling the Use tab character option located in Settings | Editor | Code Style | Scala.

You can also use the Scalastyle inspection for checking your Scala code. Place scalastyle_config.xml in the <root>/.idea or <root>/project directory and inspect your code.

Another option is to switch to Scalafmt as the default code formatting tool. For more information, refer to the Scala formatter section.

Use the following formatting shortcuts:

Action

Shortcut

Reformat code

Ctrl+Alt+L

Auto-indent lines

Ctrl+Alt+I

Optimize imports

Ctrl+Alt+O

Desugar Scala code (file)

Ctrl+Alt+D

For more information, refer to Reformatting Source Code.

Last modified: 22 February 2024