JetBrains Rider 2022.1 Help

Code cleanup

JetBrains Rider allows you to apply formatting and other code style preferences in a bulk mode to instantly eliminate code style violations in one or more files, in a project or in the entire solution.

Code cleanup profiles

Code cleanup can have various configurations (profiles) to apply in different cases according to your needs. There are three default profiles available out of the box:

These profiles help in most cases but you cannot configure them. If you want to run code cleanup with the custom set of cleanup tasks, you need to create a custom profile and specify the set of desired tasks there.

Create a new custom cleanup profile

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S or choose File | Settings (Windows and Linux) or JetBrains Rider | Preferences (macOS) from the menu .

  2. Go to the cleanup profiles settings page: Editor | Code Cleanup.

  3. Click Add on the top of the page. JetBrains Rider will create a new cleanup profile .

  4. Select the newly created profile in the list of profiles.

  5. Use the right pane to configure the list of tasks in the selected profile.

  6. Click Save in the Settings dialog to apply the modifications and let JetBrains Rider choose where to save them, or save the modifications to a specific settings layer using the Save To list. For more information, see layer-based settings.

Your newly created cleanup profile will be available in the Code Cleanup dialog (Code | Code Cleanup) when you are running code cleanup. You can also set this profile to be used for the silent cleanup.

Run code cleanup

JetBrains Rider can apply code cleanup to an arbitrarily selected block of code, all code in the current file, all files in a directory, files in the current VCS changelist, the current project, or even the current solution. Make sure that you select the right set of cleanup tasks by choosing the right cleanup profile.

Clean up selection or file

  1. Select the scope where you want to clean up code:

    • Make a selection in the editor to clean up code in the selection.

    • Set the caret anywhere in the file to clean up code in the file.

  2. If you are cleaning up a selection, press Alt+Enter and choose Reformat and cleanup | [cleanup profile].

    Alternatively you can follow the below steps, which work for both selection and file.

  3. Press Ctrl+E, C or choose Code | Reformat and Cleanup… from the main menu .

  4. In the Code Cleanup dialog that opens, you can check and optionally change the scope for cleaning code and choose a cleanup profile to apply. Use the area to the right of the selected profile to check the tasks included in that profile.

  5. If none of the available profiles suits you, click Edit Android studio icons avd edit, then choose one of the existing profiles and click Clone to create a new custom profile and save the changes.

  6. Click Run to clean up code in the selected scope.

You can clean up not only an individual file, but also multiple files in a directory, project or entire solution. To do so, run code cleanup from the Solution Explorer.

Clean up multiple files, projects, or entire solution

  1. Select one or more items (files, directories, projects, or the solution) in the Solution Explorer.

  2. Press Ctrl+E, C or choose Code | Reformat and Cleanup… from the main menu .

  3. Choose a cleanup profile as described above.

  4. Click Run to clean up code in the selected scope.

You can run Code Cleanup in code that you have recently modified and are going to commit to Git. JetBrains Rider will run the selected cleanup profile before committing.

Clean up code before committing it to Git

  1. Press Ctrl+K or select Git | Commit from the main menu.

  2. In the Commit tool window, click Show Commit Options and in the Before Commit area, select the Cleanup with... checkbox.

  3. Optionally, you can click Choose profile to specify the cleanup profile that should be used.

  4. Click Commit or Commit and Push. JetBrains Rider will run code cleanup on the ranges staged for the commit, and then commit the changes.

You can run Code Cleanup every time you save changes in a file to make sure that your edits always comply with your code style. Note that this will only happen when you save changes explicitly with Ctrl+S or Ctrl+S and will not be triggered by auto-saving. However, all auto-saved files are placed to the 'reformat and cleanup' queue and will be processed on the next explicit save.

Automatically run Code Cleanup on saving changes

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S to open the IDE settings and select Tools | Actions on Save.

  2. Select Reformat and Cleanup Code, choose which code cleanup profile should be applied and whether to apply it to the whole file or only to the changed lines.

  3. The next time you finish editing and save the file or all files , JetBrains Rider will clean up the affected files using the selected profile.

Silent cleanup

You can also run code cleanup in the silent mode - that is, without displaying the Code Cleanup dialog. Since in this case you will not be able to choose a profile explicitly, you have to assign some cleanup profile to use for the silent code cleanup.

Assign a profile for silent code cleanup

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S or choose File | Settings (Windows and Linux) or JetBrains Rider | Preferences (macOS) from the menu .

  2. Go to the cleanup profiles settings page: Editor | Code Cleanup.

  3. Select a cleanup profile on the left and click Set as default for silent cleanup at the top of the options page.

  4. Click Save in the Settings dialog to apply the modifications and let JetBrains Rider choose where to save them, or save the modifications to a specific settings layer using the Save To list. For more information, see layer-based settings.

Run code cleanup in silent mode

  1. Do one of the following:

    • To run silent code cleanup in a specific code file, open it in the text editor or select it in the Solution Explorer.

    • To apply silent code cleanup to a set of files (directory, project, or solution), select the corresponding item in the Solution Explorer.

  2. Press Ctrl+E, F or choose Code | Silent Reformat and Cleanup from the main menu . Alternatively, you can press Ctrl+Shift+A, start typing the command name in the popup, and then choose it there.

Available code cleanup tasks

The tables below list available cleanup tasks for different languages. If you need the cleanup to perform only a part of these tasks, you can create a custom cleanup profile for that.

Reformat code

C#

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | C# page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

Reformat embedded XML doc comments

Reformats XML doc comments according to options configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | XML Doc Comments page of JetBrains Rider settings .

Note that JetBrains Rider does not reformat plain comments like:

// A plain single-line comment

or

/* A plain multi-line comment */

C++

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | C++ page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

Visual Basic .NET

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | Visual Basic .NET page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

Reformat embedded XML doc comments

Reformats XML doc comments according to options configurable on the Editor | Code Style | Visual Basic .NET | XML Doc Comments page of JetBrains Rider settings .

Note that JetBrains Rider does not reformat plain comments like:

// A plain single-line comment

or

/* A plain multi-line comment */

XML

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | XML page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

HTML

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | HTML page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

CSS

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | CSS page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

JavaScript/TypeScript

Reformat code

Reformats your code according to the preferences that you can configure on the Editor | Code Style | JavaScript/TypeScript page of JetBrains Rider settings . For more information, see Apply formatting rules.

Reformat embedded XML doc comments

Reformats XML doc comments according to options configurable on the Editor | Code Style | JavaScript/TypeScript | XML Doc Comments page of JetBrains Rider settings .

Note that JetBrains Rider does not reformat plain comments like:

// A plain single-line comment

or

/* A plain multi-line comment */

Syntax styles

C#

Apply 'var' style

Applies the rules for 'var' usage during the cleanup. The rules are configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S.

Use explicit or implicit modifier definition for types

Applies the rule for type modifiers - whether on not to use the internal modifier explicitly. The rule is configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Modifiers.

Use explicit or implicit modifier definition for type members

Applies the rule for type member modifiers - whether on not to use the private modifier explicitly. The rule is configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Modifiers.

Sort modifiers

Applies the preferred order of type/member modifiers. The rule is configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Modifiers.

Apply arguments style (named vs. positional)

Applies the preferences for named/positional arguments for specific types of parameters. The preferences are configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Named/Positional Arguments.

Remove redundant parentheses

Removes redundant optional parentheses in cases specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Optional Parentheses.

Add parentheses to explicitly specify operation precedence

Adds optional parentheses to clarify precedence of operations in cases specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Optional Parentheses.

Add/remove braces around single statements

Adds or removes optional braces around single nested statements as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Braces for Single Nested Statements.

Add/remove brackets for attributes

Applies the rules for multiple attributes as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Multiple Attributes.

Apply code body style (expression body vs. block body)

Applies preferences for bodies of type members (expression body or block body) as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code syntax style: bodies of type members.

Arrange trailing commas

Applies preferences for trailing commas in declarations with multiple items and similar constructs (object, array, and collection initializers, as well as enums and switch expressions) as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Trailing Commas.

Apply object creation style ('new()' vs 'new T()')

Applies preferences for using the target-typed new operator in C# 9.0 and later as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Object Creation ('new()' vs 'new T()').

Apply default value style ('default' vs 'default(T)')

Applies preferences for using optional type specification in default value expressions as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Default Value Expressions ('default' vs 'default(T)').

Arrange namespaces (file-scoped vs. block-scoped)

Applies preferences for using file-scoped namespace declarations in files containing a single namespace as specified on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code syntax style: file-scoped namespaces.

Arrange qualifiers

Applies the rules for qualifying type members. The rules are configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Optional Member Qualifiers.

Fix built-in type references

Applies the rule for built-in type names (C# keyword or CLR type name). The rule is configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Built-In Type References.

C/C++

Add/remove braces for single statements

Apply 'auto' style

Apply function declaration style (regular vs. trailing return types)

Apply nested namespaces style

Apply type alias style (typedefs vs. type aliases)

Arrange cv-qualifiers

Arrange slashes in include directives (forward slashes vs. backslashes)

Arrange specifiers ('virtual' and/or 'override') on overriding functions

Sort include directives

Sort member initializers

XAML

Collapse empty tags

Removes the closing tag if the tag body is empty.

ASP.NET/Razor

Normalize quotes around attribute value

Applies the preferred quote style: single quote ' or double quote ", configurable on the Editor | Code Style | ASP.NET (Razor) | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S.

Optimize imports

C#

Optimize 'using' directives

  • Removes unused namespace import directives

  • Applies preferences for arranging namespace import directives and fully-qualified names when importing types, as specified on the Editor | General | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style and Editor | General | Auto Import settings pages.

  • Sorts the namespace import directives: all System.* namespaces go first, sorted alphabetically by the second word after the dot; all other namespaces go next, in alphabetical order. .

For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Namespace Imports.

Embrace 'using' directives in region

If this checkbox is selected, a new region for wrapping all namespace import directives is created during cleanup.

Region name

Allows specifying a name for the region wrapping namespace import directives.

Shorten qualified references

Replaces fully qualified names with short names when possible by importing namespaces, according to the preferences configured on the Editor | Code Style | C# | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S

Visual Basic .NET

Optimize 'import' directives

  • Removes unused namespace import directives

  • Applies preferences for arranging namespace import directives and fully-qualified names when importing types, as specified on the Editor | General | Code Style | Visual Basic .NET | Syntax Style and Editor | General | Auto Import settings pages.

  • Sorts the namespace import directives: all System.* namespaces go first, sorted alphabetically by the second word after the dot; all other namespaces go next, in alphabetical order. .

For more information, see Code Syntax Style: Namespace Imports.

Embrace 'using' directives in region

If this checkbox is selected, a new region for wrapping all namespace import directives is created during cleanup.

Region name

Allows specifying a name for the region wrapping namespace import directives.

Shorten qualified references

Replaces fully qualified names with short names when possible by importing namespaces, according to the preferences configured on the Editor | Code Style | Visual Basic .NET | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S

XAML

Remove redundant namespace alias

Remove all redundant namespace aliases in the scope of cleanup. Redundant aliases are also detected with the code inspection and can be removed with a quick-fix.

TypeScript specific

Optimize 'import' statements

Use this option to remove redundant 'import' statements or fully-qualified names according to the settings configurable on the Code Editing | TypeScript | Syntax Style page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S.

Optimize reference comments

Use this option to remove redundant reference comments.

ASP.NET/Razor

Optimize @Register directives

Removes unused @Register directives.

Rearrange code

C#

Apply file layout

Reorders type members in files according to the rules configurable on the Editor | Code Style | C# | File Layout page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. For more information, see Rearrange members with file and type layout patterns.

CSS

Alphabetize properties

Rearranges CSS properties in the alphabetical order.

Remove redundancies & apply optimizations

C#

Remove code redundancies

On the Editor | Inspection Severity page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S, in the Redundancies in Code categories of most languages, JetBrains Rider lists dozens of cases that have associated code inspections. Some of them require special attention, and you cannot process them in the batch mode, but most of them can be fixed automatically whenever you select Remove code redundancies in your cleanup profile.

Use auto-property, if possible

Replaces simple properties and corresponding backing fields with auto-properties. For more information, see Use auto-properties.

Make field read-only, if possible

Adds the readonly keyword to fields that are assigned in the declaration or in a constructor and only have read usages. For more information, see Make fields readonly.

Make auto-property get-only, if possible

Removes the redundant set accessor on auto-properties that are initialized from the constructor/initializer and have no write usages.

By default, JetBrains Rider automatically detects C# version based on the associated compiler. However, you can specify the target C# version explicitly for a project — press Alt+Enter on the project in the Solution Explorer and use the Language version selector on the Application page of the Project Properties dialog .

To set the C# version for all projects in your solution, specify it in a Directory.Build.props file in your solution directory as described here.

C/C++

Add required 'typename' and 'template' keywords

Join declarations and assignments

Make local variables const

Make member functions 'const' when possible

Make member functions 'static' when possible

Remove redundant casts

Remove redundant 'else' keywords

Remove redundant elaborated type specifiers

Remove redundant lambda parameter lists

Remove redundant member initializers

Remove redundant parentheses

Remove redundant qualifiers

Remove redundant specifiers

Remove redundant statements

Remove redundant template arguments

Remove redundant 'typename' and 'template' keywords

Remove unreachable code

Remove unused #include directives

Remove unused lambda captures

Replace C-style and functional-style casts with static casts

Replace constants in boolean context with boolean literals

Replace if statements with constant conditions with 'if constexpr'

Replace postfix operators with prefix variants

Replace smart pointer constructors with make functions

Replace throw expressions with rethrow where possible

Replace type traits with corresponding template aliases or variable templates

Replace zero valued expressions in pointer context with nullptr

Replace 'tie(..)' with structured binding declarations

Use 'contains' for associative containers wherer possible

Use 'std::erase'/'std::eraseif' instead of remove-erase idiom

Visual Basic .NET

Remove code redundancies

On the Editor | Inspection Severity page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S, in the Redundancies in Code categories of most languages, JetBrains Rider lists dozens of cases that have associated code inspections. Some of them require special attention, and you cannot process them in the batch mode, but most of them can be fixed automatically whenever you select Remove code redundancies in your cleanup profile.

XAML

Remove redundant 'Freeze' attribute

Removes Freeze attributes that are redundant in their context.

Remove redundant modifiers attribute

Removes modifiers attributes that are redundant in their context.

Remove redundant name attribute

Removes name attributes that are redundant in their context.

Remove redundant resource

Removes resource references that are not used

Remove redundant empty collection property setter

Remove redundant attached property setter

Removes unused setters for the attached properties.

Remove redundant style property setter

Removes unused setters for the style properties.

Remove forbidden name attribute

Removes name attributes that are not allowed in their context.

Remove redundant definitions

Removes definitions if they are redundant in the context.

Remove redundant UpdateSourceTrigger attribute

Removes UpdateSourceTrigger attributes that are redundant in their context.

Remove redundant Mode attribute

Removes Mode attributes that are redundant in their context.

Remove redundant span attribute

Removes span attributes that are redundant in their context.

C#

Update file header

Inserts or updates the file header comment that you can configure on the Editor | File Header Template page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S or using the file_header_template EditorConfig property. For more information, see File header style.

C/C++

Update file header

Inserts or updates the file header comment that you can configure on the Editor | File Header Template page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S or using the file_header_template EditorConfig property. For more information, see File header style.

Run external cleanup tools

C/C++

Apply Clang-tidy fix-its

In this node, you can choose all or specific fixes that will be applied according to the Clang-Tidy checks.

The selected fixes will be applied even if the corresponding inspections are turned off on the Editor | Inspection Settings| Inspection Severity page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S. Be careful when enabling too many checks at once — code cleanup runs Clang-Tidy only once for a given file, so if multiple fixes touch the same block of code, the changes might conflict with each other.

Last modified: 19 May 2022