JetBrains Rider 2020.3 Help

Code Syntax Style: Object Creation ('new()' vs 'new T()')

Starting with C# 9.0, you can you create objects with the target-typed new operator without explicit type specification when the type can be inferred, that is List<string> _myList = new(); instead of List<string> _myList = new List<string>();.

Depending on the context, the optional type specification can either clutter your code with redundant information or, on the contrary, improve the readability.
Therefore, JetBrains Rider provides two code style preferences for object creation expressions:

  • when created type is evident from usage (for example, in field initializations),

  • when created type is not evident (for example, in return statements).

JetBrains Rider helps you enforce style preferences for object creation expressions in the existing code and takes your preferences into account when it produces new code with code completion and code generation features, applies code templates and performs refactorings.

Enforce preferences for object creation expressions

By default, JetBrains Rider highlights type specifications as redundant in evident cases and helps removing them:

JetBrains Rider syntax style inspection: Use target-typed new

On the other hand, in non-evident cases JetBrains Rider suggests explicitly specifying the created type:

JetBrains Rider syntax style inspection: Specify created type

If you prefer other styles for the new operator in your code, you can change the corresponding preferences.

Another option to enforce your preferences for object creation expressions in a bulk mode is code cleanup. You can either run code cleanup with one of the built-in profiles Full Cleanup or Reformat & Apply Syntax Style, or create and run a custom profile solely targeted at your specific task as described below.

Apply object creation style with custom Code Cleanup profile

  1. Press Ctrl+Alt+S or choose File | Settings (Windows and Linux) or JetBrains Rider | Preferences (macOS) from the menu .

  2. Go to the cleanup profiles settings page: Editor | Code Cleanup.

  3. Create a new profile as described in the Create a new custom cleanup profile section. In the Selected profile settings section for the new profile, tick the Apply object creation style ('new()' vs 'new T()') checkbox. Optionally, you can enable other code cleanup tasks in this profile.

  4. Click Save in the Settings dialog to apply the modifications and let JetBrains Rider choose where to save them, or save the modifications to a specific settings layer using the Save To list. For more information, see Layer-Based Settings.

  5. Select the scope where you want to enforce your preferences:

    • Set the caret anywhere in the file to enforce your preferences to the file.

    • Select one or more items in the Solution Explorer to enforce your preferences in the files under these nodes and their child items.

  6. Choose Code | Code Cleanup in the main menu.

  7. In the Code Cleanup dialog that opens, select the newly created profile.

  8. Click OK. JetBrains Rider will enforce your preferences in the selected scope.

If you want to enforce style preferences for object creation expressions without opening the Code Cleanup dialog to choose a profile, you can bind the created profile to the silent cleanup and run it by pressing . Ctrl+E, F . You can also create a custom cleanup profile that would combine arranging object creation expressions with other code style tasks.

Configure preferences for object creation expressions

Your object creation expressions' preferences are saved using the mechanism of layer-based settings. Among other things, this mechanism allows you to maintain different preferences for different solutions as well as to keep these preferences under a VCS and automatically share them with your team members.

  1. Go to the Editor | Code Style | C# page of JetBrains Rider settings Ctrl+Alt+S , and then select the Syntax Style tab .

  2. In the Object creation category, specify whether the type specification should be preferred when the created type is evident/non-evident from usage.

  3. The selectors in the right column allow you to set severity levels of code inspections detecting code that differs from your preferences.

  4. Click Save in the Settings dialog to apply the modifications and let JetBrains Rider choose where to save them, or save the modifications to a specific settings layer using the Save To list. For more information, see Layer-Based Settings.

Last modified: 08 December 2020