Creating an Employee Entity

Create a JPA entity representing an Employee.

An Entity is a Java class representing data you want to insert into a database. For our application, we will create an Employee entity that we will use to insert Employee data into an Employee table in our database.

In the Project window, we'll navigate to our src/main/java directory, select the com.jetbrains.springdatajpaapp package and press Alt+Insert for Windows/Linux or ⌘N for macOS. Choose Java Class and then type in our entity name - Employee. Then, press Enter.

In the Employee class, we'll make it an entity by adding the @Entity annotation to our class definition and importing the javax.persistence.Entity package. Once you do that, you'll notice an error in your class.

Employee Entity Error

As the error message indicates, entities must have a primary key which is specified by having a field annotated by the @Id annotation. We'll use the Alt+Shift+Enter shortcut so IntelliJ IDEA can add the ID for us which will result in a prompt to enter the ID field's information. We'll take the default Name and Type. You can select the Field Access checkbox (I prefer annotations on fields instead of the setter methods because I find it more readable). You can also select the Generated checkbox so you don't have to assign Employee Ids yourself.

Add Employee ID

Then, we'll click OK. You'll notice that IntelliJ IDEA creates an id field with its setters and getters.

Next, let's add a couple of String fields: firstName and lastName.

Next, we'll generate our constructors by bringing up the Generate menu (Alt+Insert for Windows/Linux or ⌘N for macOS) and select Constructor. We don't need the constructor to take in an id because ours will be generated so we'll click on firstName then hold down Ctrl (Windows) or (macOS) and select lastName.

Generate Constructor

Then, we'll click OK.

You'll now notice that you have an error on your Employee class because you don't have a no-arg constructor. If you press Alt+Enter (Windows/Linux), or ⌥⏎ (macOS), on the error, IntelliJ IDEA offers to create it for you - let's go ahead and do that.

Next, we'll generate our field's setters and getters. We'll bring up the Generate menu (Alt+Insert for Windows/Linux or ⌘N for macOS) and select Getter and Setter. We'll hold down Ctrl (Windows) or (macOS) and select both variables. Then, we'll click OK. IntelliJ IDEA generates the getters and setters for both variables.

Finally, let's generate a toString method by bring up the Generate menu again (Alt+Insert for Windows/Linux or ⌘N for macOS) and selecting toString. We'll keep all the fields selected and click OK.

End Result

Your final Employee entity should look similar to this (formatting may vary):

package com.jetbrains.springdatajpaapp;
import javax.persistence.Entity;
import javax.persistence.GeneratedValue;
import javax.persistence.Id;
@Entity
public class Employee {
@Id
@GeneratedValue
private Long id;
private String firstName;
private String lastName;
public Employee() {
}
public Employee(String firstName, String lastName) {
this.firstName = firstName;
this.lastName = lastName;
}
public void setId(Long id) {
this.id = id;
}
public Long getId() {
return id;
}
public String getFirstName() {
return firstName;
}
public void setFirstName(String firstName) {
this.firstName = firstName;
}
public String getLastName() {
return lastName;
}
public void setLastName(String lastName) {
this.lastName = lastName;
}
@Override
public String toString() {
return "Employee{" +
"id=" + id +
", firstName='" + firstName + '\'' +
", lastName='" + lastName + '\'' +
'}';
}
}